John L. Bradshaw

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For individuals with synaesthesia, stimuli in one sensory modality elicit anomalous experiences in another modality. For example, the sound of a particular piano note may be 'seen' as a unique colour, or the taste of a familiar food may be 'felt' as a distinct bodily sensation. We report a study of 192 adult synaesthetes, in which we administered a(More)
Synaesthesia is an unusual perceptual phenomenon in which events in one sensory modality induce vivid sensations in another. Individuals may 'taste' shapes, 'hear' colours, or 'feel' sounds. Synaesthesia was first described over a century ago, but little is known about its underlying causes or its effects on cognition. Most reports have been anecdotal or(More)
Perceptual asymmetries under free-viewing conditions were investigated in 24 normal dextral adults. Three tasks were administered that required participants to chose between a pair of left/right reversed stimuli on the basis of their brightness, numerosity or size. These stimulus features were represented asymmetrically within the stimuli, so that each(More)
This study explored the claim that individuals with autism and Asperger's disorder tend to process locally rather than holistically. Participants observed a large or "global" number composed of smaller or "local" numbers. The response was contingent upon the identification of either the large stimulus or the small stimuli. Relative to age, sex, and IQ(More)
OBJECTIVE Individuals with autism spectrum disorders typically have normal visuospatial abilities but impaired executive functioning, particularly in abilities related to working memory and attention. The aim of this study was to elucidate the functioning of frontoparietal networks underlying spatial working memory processes during mental rotation in(More)
The present study examined visuoperceptual bias in 12 right hemisphere damaged patients, eight of whom showed left unilateral neglect on standard clinical tests, and in 30 normal controls. In the chimeric faces task, subjects were required to judge which of a pair of faces appeared happier. Stimuli comprising each pair were mirror images, with the smiling(More)
Activity of the supplementary motor area may be inferred from movement-related potentials (MRPs) which are associated with the preparation and execution of voluntary, or internally determined movements. Supplementary motor area activity may be abnormal in Parkinson's disease since its major input from the basal ganglia is disrupted. Investigation of the(More)
Current evidence suggests that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) involves dysfunction in wide functional networks of brain areas associated with attention and cognition. This study examines the structural integrity of white-matter neural pathways, which underpin these functional networks, connecting fronto-striatal and fronto-parietal(More)
Patients with unilateral neglect of the left side bisect physical lines to the right whereas individuals with an intact brain bisect lines slightly to the left (pseudoneglect). Similarly, for mental number lines, which are arranged in a left-to-right ascending sequence, neglect patients bisect to the right. This study determined whether individuals with an(More)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, combined type (ADHD-CT) is associated with spatial working memory deficits. These deficits are known to be subserved by dysfunction of neural circuits involving right prefrontal, striatal and parietal brain regions. This study determines whether decreased right prefrontal, striatal and parietal activation with a(More)