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BACKGROUND Plague is a life-threatening disease caused by the bacterium, Yersinia pestis. Since the 1990s, Africa has accounted for the majority of reported human cases. In Uganda, plague cases occur in the West Nile region, near the border with Democratic Republic of Congo. Despite the ongoing risk of contracting plague in this region, little is known… (More)
The US Food and Drug Administration recently approved ciprofloxacin for treatment of plague (Yersina pestis infection) based on animal studies. Published evidence of efficacy in humans is sparse. We report 5 cases of culture-confirmed human plague treated successfully with oral ciprofloxacin, including 1 case of pneumonic plague.
Schistosomisis is endemic in many rural areas of developing countries. The life cycle of schistosomes is complex with two hosts, an intermediate snail host and a definitive human host. Biomphalaria arabica is the intermediate host for Schistosoma mansoni in Saudi Arabia. One method of controlling the disease is to break the life cycle at the intermediate… (More)
1. The effects of protein-deficient and energy-deficient diets on the concentrations of skin glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and collagen were studied in young rats. 2. In Expt 1, comparisons were made between animals fed on a control (C) diet (protein:energy (P:E) 0.210), a low-protein (LP) diet (P:E 0.032) and a very-low protein (VLP) diet (P:E 0.005) ad lib.… (More)