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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recent trials using smaller percutaneous catheters as well as "tubeless" percutaneous technique have attempted to reduce postoperative analgesia requirements and the morbidity of a traditional large-bore nephrostomy tube after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). We performed a randomized trial comparing tubeless procedures and use of(More)
Aqueous phosphoric acid (85 wt %) is an effective, environmentally benign reagent for the deprotection of tert-butyl carbamates, tert-butyl esters, and tert-butyl ethers. The reaction conditions are mild and offer good selectivity in the presence of other acid-sensitive groups, including CBZ carbamates, azetidine, benzyl and methyl esters, TBDMS, and methyl(More)
Symptomatic adjacent segment disease (ASD) after anterior cervical fusion (ACF) is reported in 25% of patients at 10 years postoperatively. Debate continues as to whether this degeneration is due to the natural history of the disk or the changed biomechanics after ACF. This study explored whether congenital stenosis predisposes patients to an increased(More)
OBJECT The aim of this study was to explore the possibility that a hybrid aneurysm clip with polymeric jaws bonded to a metal spring could provide mechanical properties comparable to those of an all-metal clip as well as diminished artifacts on computed tomography (CT) scanning. METHODS Three clips were created, and Clips I and 2 were tested for(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the relative value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in biopsy-naive patients to those with previous negative biopsy. Although MRI-targeted biopsy has been studied in several major prostate cancer (PCa) cohorts (biopsy naive, previous negative biopsy, and active surveillance), the relative benefit in these cohorts has not been(More)
Partial nephrectomy (PN) is currently the standard treatment for T1 renal tumors. Minimally invasive PN offers decreased blood loss, shorter length of stay, rapid convalescence, and improved cosmesis. Due to the challenges inherent in laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, its dissemination has been stifled. Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) offers an(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the added value of prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial risk calculator. METHODS Between January 2012 and December 2015, 339 patients underwent prostate MRI prior to biopsy at our institution. MRI was considered positive if there was at least 1 Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System 4(More)
In some scenarios, such as complex revisions or tumor cases, intralaminar screw placement in the upper thoracic spine can be used to supplement or replace traditional pedicle screw placement. Despite the theortic feasibility of placing these screws, no thorough anatomic study has evaluated the morphology of the T1 lamina for screw placement.Anatomic data of(More)
Treatment modalities for small renal masses (SRMs) include open or minimally invasive radical or partial nephrectomy, and laparoscopic or percutaneous ablations. Members of the Endourological Society were surveyed to evaluate how practitioner and clinical practice characteristics may be associated with the management of SRMs over time. The survey assessed(More)
Clear cell sarcoma of the kidney (CCSK) is the second most common pediatric renal malignancy after Wilms tumor. CCSK has the potential to metastasize to distant sites and was historically known as the bone metastasizing renal tumor. We report an exceedingly rare case of a bladder recurrence of CCSK. Our patient presented with gross hematuria 7 years after(More)