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A speaker's regional dialect is a rich source of information about that person. Two studies examined five- to six-year-old children's perception of regional dialect: Can they perceive differences among dialects? Have they made meaningful social connections to specific dialects? Experiment 1 asked children to categorize speakers into groups based on their(More)
I provide a background of groups viewed as metric spaces to introduce the notion of asymptotic dimension of a group. I analyze the asymptotic dimension of Z ⊕ Z and the free group on two generators to better understand the concept of asymptotic dimension. The asymptotic dimension of the Heisenberg group, H, asdim H, has been shown to be three using advanced(More)
Learning to group words into phrases without supervision is a hard task for NLP systems , but infants routinely accomplish it. We hypothesize that infants use acoustic cues to prosody, which NLP systems typically ignore. To evaluate the utility of prosodic information for phrase discovery, we present an HMM-based unsupervised chunker that learns from only(More)
Documents from the same domain usually discuss similar topics in a similar order. In this paper we present new ordering-based topic models that use generalised Mallows models to capture this regularity to constrain topic assignments. Specifically, these new models assume that there is a canonical topic ordering shared amongst documents from the same domain,(More)
A well-known effect in speech production is that more predictable words tend to be phonetically reduced. Recent work has suggested that predictability effects result from hardwired properties of the language production system, rather than active modulation by the talker to accommodate the listener. However, these studies investigated only minor(More)
Stress is a useful cue for English word segmentation. A wide range of computational models have found that stress cues enable a 2-10% improvement in segmen-tation accuracy, depending on the kind of model, by using input that has been annotated with stress using a pronouncing dictionary. However, stress is neither invariably produced nor unambiguously(More)