John K. O’Dowd

Learn More
BACKGROUND Negative early years and childhood experiences (EYCE), including socio-economic circumstances, parental health and parenting style, are associated with poor health outcomes both in childhood and adulthood. It has also been proposed that EYCE were historically worse in Scottish areas, especially Glasgow and the Clyde Valley, compared to elsewhere(More)
Psychologic factors may have a major influence on the outcome of treatment for back pain. Psychologic disturbance is manifest as emotional distress and may be associated with inappropriate symptoms and signs. Few outcome studies describe the patient population in terms of their psychologic profile. Anecdotal evidence suggested that the routine use of(More)
The 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type-1 inhibitor BVT.2733 lowers blood glucose and insulin in mutant mouse models of obesity and diabetes. Its effects on energy balance and body composition, and their contribution to improved glucose homeostasis have received little attention. BVT.2733 (100 mg/kg, orally) was given twice daily to lean and diet-induced(More)
The recent publication in this journal of papers by Albert and colleagues [1, 2] from Denmark suggesting that low grade anaerobic bacterial infection may be the underlying cause of significant persistent chronic back pain in a welldefined group of patients has precipitated an unprecedented response in the medical and lay media. In the midst of claim and(More)
Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is associated with persistent or recurrent disability which results in high costs for society. Cognitive behavioral treatments produce clinically relevant benefits for patients with CLBP. Nevertheless, no clear evidence for the most appropriate intervention is yet available. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the mid-term(More)
The aim of this longitudinal study is to determine the factors which predict a successful 1-year outcome from an intensive combined physical and psychological (CPP) programme in chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients. A prospective cohort of 524 selected consecutive CLBP patients was followed. Potential predictive factors included demographic(More)
This article reviews the basic principles of management of cervical trauma. The technique and critical importance of careful assessment is described. Instability is defined, and the incidence of a second injury is highlighted. The concept of spinal clearance is discussed. Early reduction and stabilisation techniques are described, and the indications, and(More)
Cognitive behavioral interventions are recommended as non-invasive treatment options for patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). However, most treatment effects are small and short-lived. Although a 2-week intensive pain management program for patients with CLBP seems to be effective, the long-term results are not known. The purpose of this study is to(More)
The case of a 22-year-old woman presenting with progressive low back pain as a result of a recurrent osteoblastoma of the body of L3, is reported. Total spondylectomy together with anterior and posterior fusion was carried out in a two-stage procedure. We highlight the rarity of the site of occurrence of osteoblastoma, the difficulty in diagnosis and the(More)
The use of transperitoneal endoscopic approaches to the distal segments of the lumbar spine has recently been described. This has been the catalyst for the development of other minimally invasive anterior ¶approaches to the spine. This review looks at the published results so ¶far, and highlights the principles, techniques and complications. The limitations(More)