John K. McDonald

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NPY exhibits a broad distribution throughout the body. NPY has been localized in neurons that synthesize norepinephrine or epinephrine and also in many cell bodies which are not catecholaminergic. Coexistence of NPY and several other peptides has also been observed. Accordingly, NPY displays a wide variety of functional activities depending on its location(More)
It has recently been demonstrated that aPY, a peptide which has significant homology with neuropeptide Y (NPY) is present in extracts of anglerfish islets. The purpose of this study was to determine whether cells or nerves which contain NPY-like immunoreactivity could be identified in anglerfish islet tissue and whether aPY is synthesized by this tissue.(More)
Using conventional immunocytochemical techniques, we have examined the morphology and distribution of somatostatin-like immunoreactive neurons in the visual cortex of albino rats between the first postnatal day and maturity. In the adult, somatostatin-immunoreactive neurons were observed in layers II to VI but were concentrated in layers II and III. These(More)
The ovary is innervated by noradrenergic and peptidergic fibers. Treatment of neonatal rats with antibodies to nerve growth factor (NGF Ab) resulted in failure of the sympathetic (noradrenergic and neuropeptide-Y) nerves to develop. Partial loss of sensory innervation, represented by calcitonin gene-related peptide fibers, was also observed. Follicular(More)
Several types of short axon cells of the mammalian olfactory bulb have been described after Golgi impregnation. Two of these types have been observed in our material after treatment with the NADPH-diaphorase procedure or after immunohistochemistry for neuropeptide-Y (NPY). The cells stained by the two procedures have similar morphologies and distributions.(More)
It has been suggested that hypothalamic median eminence (ME) might be a control site for luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) release. Thus, stimulatory and/or inhibitory inputs acting at this site might be involved in regulating LHRH release from the ME and, therefore, luteinizing hormone (LH) release from the anterior pituitary. Since a role for(More)
In addition to its procoagulant properties, the serine protease thrombin increases endothelial permeability, stimulates granulocyte adherence, and serves as a fibroblast mitogen. We demonstrate that thrombin is mitogenic for human lung fibroblasts in vitro. The mitogenic effect of thrombin is associated with an increase in the expression of the ligand(More)
The possible role of neuropeptide Y (NPY) as a vasoconstrictor substance contributing to the development of cerebral vasospasm after experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage was studied. Autologous blood was injected into the cisterna magna of control rabbits and rabbits that had received bilateral superior cervical ganglionectomy 2 days before blood injection.(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) was tested for an ability to directly influence the release of insulin using an in vitro isolated rat pancreatic islet system. NPY, at doses ranging from 100 pg/ml to 1 microgram/ml, had no significant effect on the basal release (5.5 mM glucose) of insulin. However, NPY treatment resulted in a significant, dose-dependent (1 ng/ml to 1(More)