Learn More
The crystal structure of Anabaena PCC 7119 ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase (FNR) suggests that the carboxylate group of Glu301 may be directly involved in the catalytic process of electron and proton transfer between the isoalloxazine moiety of FAD and FNR substrates (NADPH, ferredoxin, and flavodoxin). To assess this possibility, the carboxylate of Glu301 was(More)
While the acquisition of invasiveness is a critical step in early stage breast carcinomas (DCIS), no established molecular markers reliably identify tumor progression. The metastasis gene osteopontin is subject to alternative splicing, which yields 3 messages, osteopontin-a, osteopontin-b and osteopontin-c. Osteopontin-c is selectively expressed in(More)
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of sirolimus in treating patients with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), we performed a phase 2, open-label clinical trial. Inclusion criteria were adults and children 13 years and older with biopsy-proven idiopathic FSGS, proteinuria with protein of 3.5 g/d or greater while on angiotensin antagonist therapy,(More)
Ferredoxin (Fd) functions in photosynthesis to transfer electrons from photosystem I to ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase (FNR). We have made several site-directed mutants of Anabaena 7120 Fd and have used laser flash photolysis to investigate the effects of these mutations on the kinetics of reduction of oxidized Fd by deazariboflavin semiquinone (dRfH.) and the(More)
The ability to overexpress [2Fe-2S] ferredoxins in Escherichia coli has opened up exciting research opportunities. High-resolution x-ray structures have been determined for the wild-type ferredoxins produced by the vegatative and heterocyst forms of Anabaena strain 7120 (in their oxidized states), and these have been compared to structural information(More)
Ferredoxins are small electron transfer proteins found ubiquitously in nature. In green plant photosynthesis, the soluble [2Fe-2S] ferredoxin shuttles electrons from Photosystem I to ferredoxin:NADP+ reductase. In order to define the features of the protein/protein interface required for efficient electron transfer from ferredoxin to ferredoxin:NADP+(More)
Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is a disorder of apoptosis associated most often with heritable FAS mutations leading to lymphadenopathy, hypersplenism and chronic refractory autoimmune cytopenias. Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) was used to treat cytopenias in 13 ALPS patients aged 9 months to 17 years from a cohort of 118 children (aged < 18(More)
The catalytic mechanism proposed for ferredoxin-NADP(+) reductase (FNR) is initiated by reduction of its flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) cofactor by the obligatory one-electron carriers ferredoxin (Fd) or flavodoxin (Fld) in the presence of oxidized nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP(+)). The C-terminal tyrosine of FNR, which stacks onto(More)
A combination of structural, thermodynamic, and transient kinetic data on wild-type and mutant Anabaena vegetative cell ferredoxins has been used to investigate the nature of the protein-protein interactions leading to electron transfer from reduced ferredoxin to oxidized ferredoxin:NADP+ reductase (FNR). We have determined the reduction potentials of(More)
Previous studies indicated that the determinants of coenzyme specificity in ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase (FNR) from Anabaena are situated in the 2'-phosphate (2'-P) NADP+ binding region, and also suggested that other regions must undergo structural rearrangements of the protein backbone during coenzyme binding. Among the residues involved in such specificity(More)