John K G Crean

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STUDY DESIGN Biochemical study of human intervertebral discs collected at surgery from patients with low back pain associated with disc degeneration or scoliosis. Matrix metalloproteinases were studied by quantitative zymography. OBJECTIVE To determine whether changes in the expression of matrix metalloproteinases will bring about tissue remodelling that(More)
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is a member of an emerging family of immediate-early gene products that coordinate complex biological processes during differentiation and tissue repair. Here we describe the role of CTGF in integrin-mediated adhesive signaling and the production of extracellular matrix components in human mesangial cells. The addition(More)
PURPOSE Pseudoexfoliation (PXF) syndrome is a generalized disorder of the extracellular matrix (ECM) involving the trabecular meshwork (TM), associated with raised intraocular pressure, glaucoma, and cataract. The purposes of this study were to quantify aqueous humor connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in PXF glaucoma, to determine the effect of CTGF on(More)
Connective tissue growth factor [CTGF]/CCN2 is a prototypic member of the CCN family of regulatory proteins. CTGF expression is up-regulated in a number of fibrotic diseases, including diabetic nephropathy, where it is believed to act as a downstream mediator of TGF-beta function; however, the exact mechanisms whereby CTGF mediates its effects remain(More)
Signalling interplay between transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) and CCN2 [also called connective tissue growth factor (CTGF)] plays a crucial role in the progression of diabetic nephropathy and has been implicated in cellular differentiation. To investigate the potential role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the mediation of this signalling network, we performed(More)
PURPOSE Extensive remodeling of the lamina cribrosa extracellular matrix occurs in primary open angle glaucoma. The transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) protein families are implicated in this process. The authors investigated (a). the effect of cyclical mechanical stretch on TGF-beta1 mRNA synthesis, TGF-beta1(More)
PURPOSE The mechanical effect of raised intraocular pressure is a recognised stimulus for optic neuropathy in primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). Characteristic extracellular matrix (ECM) remodelling accompanies axonal damage in the lamina cribrosa (LC) of the optic nerve head in POAG. Glial cells in the lamina cribrosa may play a role in this process but(More)
The Jagged/Notch pathway has been implicated in TGFβ1 responses in epithelial cells in diabetic nephropathy and other fibrotic conditions in vivo. Here, we identify that Jagged/Notch signalling is required for a subset of TGFβ1-stimulated gene responses in human kidney epithelial cells in vitro. TGFβ1 treatment of HK-2 and RPTEC cells for 24h increased(More)
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a progressive fibrotic condition that may lead to end-stage renal disease and kidney failure. Transforming growth factor-β1 and bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP7) have been shown to induce DN-like changes in the kidney and protect the kidney from such changes, respectively. Recent data identified insulin action at the level of(More)
We describe the activation of Wnt signalling in mesangial cells by CCN2. CCN2 stimulates phosphorylation of LRP6 and GSK-3β resulting in accumulation and nuclear localisation of β-catenin, TCF/LEF activity and expression of Wnt targets. This is coincident with decreased phosphorylation of β-catenin on Ser 33/37 and increased phosphorylation on Tyr142. DKK-1(More)