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STUDY DESIGN Biochemical study of human intervertebral discs collected at surgery from patients with low back pain associated with disc degeneration or scoliosis. Matrix metalloproteinases were studied by quantitative zymography. OBJECTIVE To determine whether changes in the expression of matrix metalloproteinases will bring about tissue remodelling that(More)
Connective tissue growth factor [CTGF]/CCN2 is a prototypic member of the CCN family of regulatory proteins. CTGF expression is up-regulated in a number of fibrotic diseases, including diabetic nephropathy, where it is believed to act as a downstream mediator of TGF-beta function; however, the exact mechanisms whereby CTGF mediates its effects remain(More)
PURPOSE Pseudoexfoliation (PXF) syndrome is a generalized disorder of the extracellular matrix (ECM) involving the trabecular meshwork (TM), associated with raised intraocular pressure, glaucoma, and cataract. The purposes of this study were to quantify aqueous humor connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in PXF glaucoma, to determine the effect of CTGF on(More)
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is a member of an emerging family of immediate-early gene products that coordinate complex biological processes during differentiation and tissue repair. Here we describe the role of CTGF in integrin-mediated adhesive signaling and the production of extracellular matrix components in human mesangial cells. The addition(More)
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a progressive fibrotic condition that may lead to end-stage renal disease and kidney failure. Transforming growth factor-β1 and bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP7) have been shown to induce DN-like changes in the kidney and protect the kidney from such changes, respectively. Recent data identified insulin action at the level of(More)
STUDY DESIGN Biochemical study of the changes in the collagen cross-link profile of human intervertebral discs collected at surgery from patients with either low back pain associated with disc degeneration or scoliosis. OBJECTIVE To determine whether changes occur in the collagen cross-link profile in the disc of patients with either low back pain(More)
PURPOSE The mechanical effect of raised intraocular pressure is a recognised stimulus for optic neuropathy in primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). Characteristic extracellular matrix (ECM) remodelling accompanies axonal damage in the lamina cribrosa (LC) of the optic nerve head in POAG. Glial cells in the lamina cribrosa may play a role in this process but(More)
PURPOSE Extensive remodeling of the lamina cribrosa extracellular matrix occurs in primary open angle glaucoma. The transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) protein families are implicated in this process. The authors investigated (a). the effect of cyclical mechanical stretch on TGF-beta1 mRNA synthesis, TGF-beta1(More)
The Jagged/Notch pathway has been implicated in TGFβ1 responses in epithelial cells in diabetic nephropathy and other fibrotic conditions in vivo. Here, we identify that Jagged/Notch signalling is required for a subset of TGFβ1-stimulated gene responses in human kidney epithelial cells in vitro. TGFβ1 treatment of HK-2 and RPTEC cells for 24h increased(More)
DN (diabetic nephropathy) is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease worldwide and develops in 25-40% of patients with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Elevated blood glucose over long periods together with glomerular hypertension leads to progressive glomerulosclerosis and tubulointerstitial fibrosis in susceptible individuals. Central to the(More)