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BACKGROUND Little is known concerning the enantioselective disposition of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA; ecstasy) in humans. In addition, the potential of utilizing the stereochemical composition of an analyte in biological media for forensic purposes requires investigation. METHODS The enantiomers of MDMA and its demethylated metabolite,(More)
Uridine-disphosphate glucuronosyl transferase (UGT) enzymes catalyze the formation of glucuronide conjugates of phase II metabolism. Methods for absolute quantification of UGT1A1 and UGT1A6 were previously established utilizing stable isotope peptide internal standards with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The current method(More)
Quantification methods employing stable isotope-labeled peptide standards and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry are increasingly being used to measure enzyme amounts in biologic samples. Isoform concentrations, combined with catalytic information, can be used in absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion studies to improve accuracy of(More)
Although organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP)-mediated hepatic uptake is generally conserved between rodents and humans at a gross pharmacokinetic level, the presence of three major hepatic OATPs with broad overlap in substrate and inhibitor affinity, and absence of rodent-human orthologs preclude clinical translation of single-gene(More)
The aim of this investigation was to examine the effect of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) administration on arginine vasopressin (AVP) release. (R,S)-MDMA (40 mg) was administered to eight normally hydrated healthy male volunteers (22-32 years) and blood samples were collected up to 24 h. Plasma was assayed for AVP and cortisol by(More)
Targeted quantitative proteomics using heavy isotope dilution techniques is increasingly being utilized to quantify proteins, including UGT enzymes, in biological matrices. Here we present a multiplexed method using nanoLC-MS/MS and multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) to quantify 14 UGT1As and UGT2Bs in liver matrices. Where feasible, we employ two or more(More)
UGT enzymes catalyze the formation of glucuronic acid conjugates. Specifically selected representative stable isotope (C(13), N(15)) labeled peptide internal standards of each enzyme were employed to quantify UGTs 1A1 and 1A6 by LC-MS/MS using isotope dilution techniques. Inter day variability (n=5) for human liver microsomes was <or= 8.0 % for UGT1A1 and(More)
Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, 'ecstasy'), widely used as a recreational drug, can produce hyponatraemia. The possibility that this could result from stimulation of vasopressin by MDMA or one of its metabolites has been investigated in vitro. Release of both oxytocin and vasopressin from isolated hypothalami obtained from male Wistar rats was(More)
AIM To determine the scaling factors required for inclusion of renal drug glucuronidation clearance in the prediction of total clearance via glucuronidation (CLUGT ). METHODS Microsomal protein per gram of kidney (MPPGK) was determined for human 'mixed' kidney (n = 5) microsomes (MKM). The glucuronidation activities of deferiprone (DEF), propofol (PRO)(More)