John J. Weiland

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The complete nucleotide sequence and genome organization of oat blue dwarf marafivirus (OBDV) were determined. The 6509 nucleotide RNA genome encodes a putative 227-kDa polyprotein (p227) with sequence motifs similar to the methyltransferase, papain-like protease, helicase, and polymerase motifs present in the nonstructural proteins of other positive strand(More)
A bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library of the 750-Mbp sugar beet genome represented in hybrid US H20 was constructed fromHind III-digested DNA, with an average insert size of 120 kbp. US H20 is a variety grown in the eastern United States. It exhibits heterosis for emergence and yield, presumably because of its hybridity between eastern and western(More)
UNLABELLED SUMMARY Leaf spot disease caused by Cercospora beticola Sacc. is the most destructive foliar pathogen of sugarbeet worldwide. In addition to reducing yield and quality of sugarbeet, the control of leaf spot disease by extensive fungicide application incurs added costs to producers and repeatedly has selected for fungicide-tolerant C. beticola(More)
ABSTRACT Two isolates of the barley net blotch pathogen (Pyrenophora teres f. teres), one possessing high virulence (0-1) and the other possessing low virulence (15A) on the barley cultivar Harbin, were crossed and the progeny of the mating were isolated. Conidia from cultures of the parent and progeny isolates were used as inoculum to determine the(More)
Full-length cDNA of the 6.3 kb turnip yellow mosaic virus (TYMV) genome was placed between a T7 promoter and a unique Hind III site. In vitro transcription of Hind III-linearized DNA of clone pTYMC yielded full-length RNA transcripts. In inoculations of Chinese cabbage protoplasts and plants, capped transcripts and virion RNA had similar specific(More)
Molecular phylogenetic relationships among 12 species of Aphanomyces de Bary (Oomycetes) were analyzed based on 108 ITS sequences of nuclear rDNA. Sequences used in the analyses belonged to the major species currently available in pure culture and GenBank. Bayesian, maximum likelihood, and maximum parsimony analyses support that Aphanomyces constitutes a(More)
A 236-nucleotide region from the alpha a gene of strain CV42 (pathogenic to oat), when substituted for the homologous region in strain ND18 (nonpathogenic to oat), was shown previously to confer a near wild-type oat pathogenicity to this strain (Weiland and Edwards, 1994, Virology 201: 116-126). The data suggested that six amino acid substitutions in the(More)
More than one-third of the turnip yellow mosaic virus (TYMV) genome simultaneously encodes two ORFs. We have investigated the functions of the overlapping coat protein ORF and readthrough domain of ORF-206 in the 3' region of the genome. TYMC-206 RNA, in which a second stop codon has been positioned to prevent ORF-206 readthrough, induced infections in(More)
A mild thermal treatment of wood leads to improved macroscopic properties (dimensional stabilization and resistance against fungal degradation). The chemical modifications induced by the thermal treatment were investigated by means of DRIFT spectroscopy on wood blocks in order to explain the new macroscopic properties on a molecular level. The formation of(More)
The longest open reading frame of turnip yellow mosaic virus genomic RNA (ORF-206) encodes a 206-kDa nonstructural protein. The most prominent in vitro translation products of ORF-206 are the full-length p206 and a shorter N-coterminal 150-kDa protein. We have confirmed these assignments by immunoprecipitation of in vitro translation products with antisera(More)