John J Valenza

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A function of the spine as a structural column is its ability to resist torsion. The goal of this study was to evaluate the contribution of the columns of the spine to torsional rigidity. Ten human cadaver spines were harvested and frozen. The specimens, consisting of segments from T11 to S1, were subjected to torsional loads of up to 20 N-m. Rotation was(More)
We develop the concept of frequency dependent effective mass, M[over ](omega), of jammed granular materials which occupy a rigid cavity to a filling fraction of 48%, the remaining volume being air of normal room condition or controlled humidity. The dominant features of M[over ](omega) provide signatures of the dissipation of acoustic modes, elasticity, and(More)
UNLABELLED The load carrying capacity (LCC) of the human spine was evaluated in 10 human cadaver spines. The specimens consisted of segments from T11 to S1 with markers placed on the specimens at each vertebral level in both Ap and lateral planes. The specimens were loaded to 1250 N and spinal deflections were recorded and photographed at 125 N intervals(More)
A zero-temperature critical point has been invoked to control the anomalous behavior of granular matter as it approaches jamming or mechanical arrest. Criticality manifests itself in an anomalous spectrum of low-frequency normal modes and scaling behavior near the jamming transition. The critical point may explain the peculiar mechanical properties of(More)
We propose and validate a three-dimensional continuum modeling approach that predicts small-amplitude acoustic behavior of dense-packed granular media. The model is obtained through a joint experimental and finite-element study focused on the benchmark example of a vibrated container of grains. Using a three-parameter linear viscoelastic constitutive(More)
We report a theoretical and experimental investigation into the fundamental physics of why loose granular media are effective deadeners of structure-borne sound. Here, we demonstrate that a measurement of the effective mass, M(omega), of the granular medium is a sensitive and direct way to answer the question: what is the specific mechanism whereby acoustic(More)
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