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Authors/Task Force Members: Kenneth Dickstein (Chairperson) (Norway)*, Alain Cohen-Solal (France), Gerasimos Filippatos (Greece), John J.V. McMurray (UK), Piotr Ponikowski (Poland), Philip Alexander Poole-Wilson (UK), Anna Strömberg (Sweden), Dirk J. van Veldhuisen (The Netherlands), Dan Atar (Norway), Arno W. Hoes (The Netherlands), Andre Keren (Israel),(More)
WRITING COMMITTEE MEMBERS* Clyde W. Yancy, MD, MSc, FACC, FAHA, Chairyz; Mariell Jessup, MD, FACC, FAHA, Vice Chair*y; Biykem Bozkurt, MD, PhD, FACC, FAHAy; Javed Butler, MBBS, FACC, FAHA*y; Donald E. Casey, Jr, MD, MPH, MBA, FACP, FAHAx; Mark H. Drazner, MD, MSc, FACC, FAHA*y; Gregg C. Fonarow, MD, FACC, FAHA*y; Stephen A. Geraci, MD, FACC, FAHA, FCCPjj;(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitors such as captopril reduce mortality and cardiovascular morbidity among patients with myocardial infarction complicated by left ventricular systolic dysfunction, heart failure, or both. In a double-blind trial, we compared the effect of the angiotensin-receptor blocker valsartan, the ACE inhibitor(More)
BACKGROUND Half of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) have preserved left-ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), but few treatments have specifically been assessed in such patients. In previous studies of patients with CHF and low LVEF or vascular disease and preserved LVEF, inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system is beneficial. We investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND Rosiglitazone is an insulin sensitiser used in combination with metformin, a sulfonylurea, or both, for lowering blood glucose in people with type 2 diabetes. We assessed cardiovascular outcomes after addition of rosiglitazone to either metformin or sulfonylurea compared with the combination of the two over 5-7 years of follow-up. We also(More)
BACKGROUND Selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors have come under scrutiny because of reports suggesting an increased cardiovascular risk associated with their use. Experimental research suggesting that these drugs may contribute to a prothrombotic state provides support for this concern. METHODS We reviewed all potentially serious cardiovascular(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of coexisting conditions has a substantial effect on the outcome of acute myocardial infarction. Renal failure is associated with one of the highest risks, but the influence of milder degrees of renal impairment is less well defined. METHODS As part of the Valsartan in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial (VALIANT), we identified(More)
BACKGROUND Anemia is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular and renal events among patients with type 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease. Although darbepoetin alfa can effectively increase hemoglobin levels, its effect on clinical outcomes in these patients has not been adequately tested. METHODS In this study involving 4038 patients with(More)