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Research Summary The University of Pennsylvania funds a private police force to patrol a broad geographic area around the university. We use a geographic regression discontinuity design that tests the effect of these extra police by comparing crime rates among street blocks on either side of the patrol boundary. We find that the additional private police(More)
Double-loop tendons of fixed and adjustable lengths, and tendons with inner porous tapes both for anastomosis to tendon stumps have been made from readily available materials. By using stainless steel wire and polymer fibers, breakloads have been obtained that range from 20 to 100 lb and elongations have been reduced to less than 2%. Pore sizes up to 50(More)
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The paper aimed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of the treatment of diaphyseal femur fractures in children treated with Bryant's vertical traction. Moreover, we also assessed the size of overgrowth in the injured femur. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study included 23 patients with 23 femoral shaft fractures treated with Bryant's vertical(More)
Rehabilitation is an important part of therapy in patients who have had arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. A well-designed rehabilitation program avoids potential graft damage and speeds up patients' return to their full function level. The course of rehabilitation depends on the type of surgery, mode of fixation and possible(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite the advantages of robotically assisted cardiac surgery over conventional open sternotomy, robotically assisted surgery may be associated with substantial postsurgical pain arising from multiple incisions and access ports. This single-site, retrospective chart review evaluated the impact of liposome bupivacaine compared with bupivacaine HCl(More)
A straightforward size exclusion chromatography (SEC) method was developed and validated for the determination of total polivinylpyrrolidone (PVP) in ophthalmic solutions using the unusual combination of size exclusion chromatography (SEC), ultraviolet-visible detection and quantitation of an analyte peak that elutes in the total exclusion volume of the(More)
We investigate the origin of the depolarization rates in ultrathin adsorbate-stabilized ferroelectric wires. By applying density functional theory calculations and analytic modeling, we demonstrate that the depolarization results from the leakage of charges stored at the surface adsorbates, which play an important role in the polarization stabilization. The(More)
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