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The enzymes cyclooxygenase-1 and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-1 and COX-2) catalyze the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostaglandin (PG) H2, the precursor of PGs and thromboxane. These lipid mediators play important roles in inflammation and pain and in normal physiological functions. While there are abundant data indicating that the inducible isoform, COX-2,(More)
A series of sulfonamide-containing 1,5-diarylpyrazole derivatives were prepared and evaluated for their ability to block cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in vitro and in vivo. Extensive structure-activity relationship (SAR) work was carried out within this series, and a number of potent and selective inhibitors of COX-2 were identified. Since an early structural(More)
UNLABELLED In this article, we describe the radiosynthesis and evaluation of 18F-labeled cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors. 18F-SC63217 is selective to COX-1 and has a COX-1 inhibitory concentration of 50% (IC(50)) < 10 nmol/L and a COX-2 IC(50) > 100 micromol/L. 18F-SC58125 has IC(50) values of >100 micromol/L (COX-1) and <86 nmol/L (COX-2). METHODS(More)
In this manuscript, we report the discovery of the substituted 2-trifluoromethyl-2H-benzopyran-3-carboxylic acids as a novel series of potent and selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors. We provide the structure-activity relationships, optimization of design, testing criteria, and human half-life data. The challenge of a surprisingly long half-life(More)
Fluoroalkyl and fluoroaryl analogues of valdecoxib were found to possess potent inhibitory activities against cyclooxygenase-2 comparable to that of the parent valdecoxib. Among them, the fluoromethyl analogue was chosen for 18F-labeling. Thus, 4-(5-[18F]fluoromethyl-3-phenylisoxazol-4-yl)benzenesulfonamide (approximately 2000 Ci/mmol at end of synthesis)(More)
In this Letter, we provide the structure-activity relationships, optimization of design, testing criteria, and human half-life data for a series of selective COX-2 inhibitors. During the course of our structure-based drug design efforts, we discovered two distinct binding modes within the COX-2 active site for differently substituted members of this class.(More)
Aging reduces skeletal muscle mass and strength, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain elusive. Here, we used mouse models to investigate molecular mechanisms of age-related skeletal muscle weakness and atrophy as well as new potential interventions for these conditions. We identified two small molecules that significantly reduce age-related(More)