John J. Piwinski

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More than 170 million people worldwide are affected by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). The disease has been described as a "silent epidemic" and "a serious global health crisis". HCV infection is a leading cause of chronic liver disease such as cirrhosis, carcinoma, or liver failure. The current pegylated interferon and ribavirin combination therapy is(More)
A novel class of cannabinoid CB2 receptor ligands is described. These triaryl bis-sulfones are nanomolar inhibitors of the CB2 receptor and show high selectivity over the cannabinoid CB1 receptor. One example of this new class decreases ligand-induced GTPgammaS binding to recombinant CB2 cell membranes, identifying the compound as a CB2-selective inverse(More)
N-(3,5-Dichloro-1-oxido-4-pyridinyl)-8-methoxy-2-(trifluoromethyl)-5-quinoline carboxamide (SCH 351591) has been identified as a potent (IC(50) = 58 nM) and highly selective type 4 phosphodiesterase (PDE4) inhibitor with oral bioactivity in several animal models of lung inflammation. N-(3,5-Dichloro-4-pyridinyl)-8-methoxy-2-(trifluoromethyl)-5-quinoline(More)
A comprehensive structure-activity relationship (SAR) study of novel tricyclic amides has been undertaken. The discovery of compounds that are potent FPT inhibitors in the nanomolar range has been achieved. These compounds are nonpeptidic and do not contain sulfhydryl groups. They selectively inhibit farnesyl protein transferase (FPT) and not geranylgeranyl(More)
TNF-α converting enzyme (TACE) inhibitors are promising agents to treat inflammatory disorders and cancer. We have investigated novel tartrate diamide TACE inhibitors where the tartrate core binds to zinc in a unique tridentate fashion. Incorporating (R)-2-(2-N-alkylaminothiazol-4-yl)pyrrolidines into the left hand side amide of the tartrate scaffold led to(More)
By employing a stereosimplification approach, a thorough SAR exploration of the piperidine region of Sch 206272 was possible through a practical and efficient synthesis of substituted cyclic ureas. This SAR study led to the identification of a benzimidazolinone series of compounds which display single digit nanomolar NK(1)/NK(2) affinity and near micromolar(More)
A novel series of TNF-alpha convertase (TACE) inhibitors which are non-hydroxamate have been discovered. These compounds are bis-amides of L-tartaric acid (tartrate) and coordinate to the active site zinc in a tridentate manner. They are selective for TACE over other MMP's. We report the first X-ray crystal structure for a tartrate-based TACE inhibitor.
Compound 1 was identified as a HCV replication inhibitor from screening/early SAR triage. Potency improvement was achieved via modulation of substituent on the 5-azo linkage. Due to potential toxicological concern, the 5-azo linkage was replaced with 5-alkenyl or 5-alkynyl moiety. Analogs containing the 5-alkynyl linkage were found to be potent inhibitors(More)
Crystallographic and thermodynamic studies of farnesyl protein transferase (FPT) complexed with novel tricyclic inhibitors provide insights into the observed SAR for this unique class of nonpeptidic FPT inhibitors. The crystallographic structures reveal a binding pattern conserved across the mono-, di-, and trihalogen series. In the complexes, the tricycle(More)
From a series of amide analogs of the histamine H1 antagonist, azatadine, a potent, orally active, dual platelet-activating factor (PAF) and histamine antagonist, Sch 37370, namely 1-acetyl-4-(8-chloro-5,6-dihydro-11H-benzo-[5,6]cyclohepta[1,2-b]pyridin-11-ylidine)piperidine, was discovered. Sch 37370 selectively inhibits PAF-induced aggregation of human(More)