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This manual is the \living document" of the Interlingua Working Group of the DARPA Knowledge Sharing EEort. As such, it represents work in progress toward a proposal for a standard knowledge interchange format. 1 Abstract: Knowledge Interchange Format (KIF) is a computer-oriented language for the interchange of knowledge among disparate programs. It has(More)
These notes discuss formalizing contexts as first class objects. The basic relation is ist(c, p). It asserts that the proposition p is true in the context c. The most important formulas relate the propositions true in different contexts. Introducing contexts as formal objects will permit ax-iomatizations in limited contexts to be expanded to transcend the(More)
1. Introduction A programming system called LISP (for lASt Processor) has been developed for the IBM 704 computer by the Artificial Intelligence group at M.I.T. The system was designed to facilitate experiments with a proposed system called the Advice Taker, whereby a machine could be instructed to handle declarative as well as imperative sentences and(More)
We present a new and more symmetric version of the circumscrip-tion method of nonmonotonic reasoning rst described in (McCarthy 1980) and some applications to formalizing common sense knowledge. The applications in this paper are mostly based on minimizing the abnormality of diierent aspects of various entities. Included are non-monotonic treatments of is-a(More)
1 The problem All languages have distributional regularities: patterns which restrict what sounds can appear where, including nowhere, as determined by local syntagmatic factors independent of any particular morphemic alternations. Early generative phonology tended to slight the study of distributional relations in favor of morphophonemics, perhaps because(More)
My 1971 Turing Award Lecture was entitled "Generality in Artificial Intelligence." The topic turned out to have been overambitious in that I discovered I was unable to put my thoughts on the subject in a satisfactory written form at that time. It would have been better to have reviewed my previous work rather than attempt something new, but such was not my(More)