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BACKGROUND PVs (PV) are small, non-enveloped, double-stranded DNA viruses that have been identified as the primary etiological agent for cervical cancer and their potential for malignant transformation in mucosal tissue has a large impact on public health. The PV family Papillomaviridae is organized into multiple genus based on sequential parsimony, host(More)
BACKGROUND Human Papillomaviruses (HPV) are double-stranded DNA viruses, considered to be the primary etiological agents in cervical intraepithelial neoplasias and cancers. Approximately 15-20 of the 40 mucosal HPVs confer a high-risk of progression of lesions to invasive cancer. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of sexually transmitted HPVs in(More)
OBJECTIVE This study evaluated the efficacy of gaseous chlorine dioxide (ClO(2)) for extermination of bedbugs (Cimex lectularius and Cimex hemipterus). BACKGROUND Bedbugs have received attention because of recent outbreaks. Bedbug eradication is difficult and often requires a time-consuming multifaceted approach. SETTING Laboratory and hospital room. (More)
Abbreviations BCU, biocontainment unit; NPHL, Nebraska Public Health Laboratory; UNMC, University of Nebraska Medical Center; DHHS, Department of Health and Human Services; CDC, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; POC, point of care; BSL-3, biosafety level 3; EVD, Ebola virus disease; HIV, human immunodeficiency virus; BSL-2, biosafety level 2; DoD,(More)
To evaluate the ability of ClO2 to decontaminate pathogens known to cause healthcare-associated infections in a hospital room strains of Acinetobacter baumannii, Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis, Mycobacterium smegmatis, and Staphylococcus aureus were spot placed in duplicate pairs at 10 sites throughout a hospital room and then exposed to ClO2 gas.(More)
OBJECTIVE We evaluated gaseous chlorine dioxide (ClO2) decontamination of an ambulance using a variety of bacterial biological agents. METHODS Spores of attenuated Bacillus anthracis and Bacillus atrophaeus as well as vegetative cells of Acinetobacter baumannii, Mycobacterium smegmatis, and Staphylococcus aureus were exposed to ClO2 gas inside an(More)
This study assessed the efficacy of gaseous chlorine dioxide for inactivation of Bacillus anthracis, Francisella tularensis, and Yersinia pestis in a hospital patient care suite. Spore and vegetative cells of Bacillus anthracis Sterne 34F2, spores of Bacillus atrophaeus ATCC 9372 and vegetative cells of both Francisella tularensis ATCC 6223 and Yersinia(More)