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GH has many biological roles, including promotion of growth. Most, if not all, of its roles are achieved through interaction with its receptor. We chose to study the effects of loss of GH signaling on growth and aging in a mouse model for Laron Syndrome (LS) in which the GHR/BP gene has been disrupted. We observed that mice homozygous for the disruption(More)
Retinal neovascularization is the major cause of untreatable blindness. The role of growth hormone (GH) in ischemia-associated retinal neovascularization was studied in transgenic mice expressing a GH antagonist gene and in normal mice given an inhibitor of GH secretion (MK678). Retinal neovascularization was inhibited in these mice in inverse proportion to(More)
Peripherin is a 57 kDa type III intermediate-filament protein that is thought to play a role in axonogenesis both during development and following nerve injury (Oblinger et al., 1989; Escurat et al., 1990; Gorham et al., 1990; Troy et al., 1990b). We have used transgenic mouse technology to define peripherin gene sequences that are necessary for cell(More)
Spatial learning in old mice (19 or 24 months old), some of which had been calorically restricted beginning at 14 weeks of age, was compared to that of young mice, in two separate experiments using a Morris water maze. In the first experiment, only old mice reaching criterion performance on a cued learning task were tested in a subsequent spatial task.(More)
Although the role of growth hormone (GH) in aging is controversial, the recent production of GH-R-KO mice may provide a means for elucidating its importance. Using the inhibitory avoidance learning task as a measure of cognitive aging, the present study compared learning and retention in young and old GH-R-KO mice and their normal siblings. Results for the(More)
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) maintain proteostasis and may protect against age-associated pathology caused by protein malfolding. In Caenorhabditis elegans, the lifespan extension and thermotolerance in mutants with impaired insulin/IGF signals depend partly on HSP elevation. Less is known about the role of HSPs in the increased lifespan of mice with defects(More)
BACKGROUND Erythropoietin receptors have been identified in human skeletal muscle tissue, but downstream signal transduction has not been investigated. We therefore studied in vivo effects of systemic erythropoietin exposure in human skeletal muscle. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS The protocols involved 1) acute effects of a single bolus injection of(More)
To gain insight into the pathways by which caloric restriction (CR) slows aging, gene expression levels were assessed for each of 2,352 genes in the livers of 9-month-old CR and control mice. A total of 352 genes were found to be significantly increased or decreased by CR. The distribution of affected genes among functional classes was similar to the(More)
Excessive GHRH stimulation leads to somatotrope hyperplasia and, ultimately, pituitary adenoma formation in the metallothionein promoter-driven human GHRH (hGHRH) transgenic mouse. This pituitary phenotype is similar to that observed in humans with ectopic production of GHRH. In both mice and man, GHRH hyperstimulation also results in dramatic increases in(More)
In addition to their extended lifespans, slow-aging growth hormone receptor/binding protein gene-disrupted (knockout) (GHR-KO) mice are hypoinsulinemic and highly sensitive to the action of insulin. It has been proposed that this insulin sensitivity is important for their longevity and increased healthspan. We tested whether this insulin sensitivity of the(More)