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1. The complementary DNA for five human facilitative glucose transporters (GLUT1, GLUT2, GLUT3, GLUT4 and GLUT5) were used to determine the distribution of facilitative glucose transporter mRNA in bovine tissues by Northern blotting. Under high stringency hybridization conditions, a single 2.8 kb transcript of GLUT1 was seen in all bovine tissues examined(More)
Sixteen Holstein cows in mid-lactation were used to determine whether alterations of mammary fatty acid metabolism are responsible for the milk fat depression associated with consumption of fish oil. Cows were given a total mixed ration with no added fish oil (control), unprotected fish oil (3.7 % of dry matter), or glutaraldehyde-protected microcapsules of(More)
Six midlactation Holstein cows were fed a total mixed ration supplemented with either 4.8% canola meal, 3.3% unprotected canola seeds plus 1.5% canola meal, or 4.8% formaldehyde-protected canola seeds, according to a double 3 x 3 Latin square design. Each period lasted 3 wk; experimental analyses were restricted to the last week of each period. Mammary(More)
Glucose uptake in the mammary gland is a rate-limiting step in milk synthesis. To study glucose transporters in the bovine mammary gland, the erythrocyte-type glucose transporter (GLUT1) and the insulin-responsive glucose transporter (GLUT4) proteins were assessed by Western blotting and immunohistochemical staining, using polyclonal antibodies against the(More)
Most prediction schemes of milk protein secretion overestimate milk protein yield from dairy cows at high protein intakes, thereby overestimating milk protein yield response to protein supplementation. This study was conducted to determine factors contributing to such an overestimation. Using published studies, a database was constructed that was limited to(More)
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) refers to a mixture of conjugated octadecadienoic acids of predominantly ruminant origin. The main isomer in bovine milk fat is the cis-9, trans-11 CLA. Interest in CLA increased after the discovery of its health-promoting properties, including potent anticarcinogenic activity. Two experiments were conducted to evaluate(More)
The objective was to develop a method for estimating intestinal availability of rumen undegradable protein. One-gram samples of six feedstuffs were placed into small (3.5 X 5.5 cm) nylon bags (pore size 48 micron). Bags were heat sealed and ruminally incubated in a polyester mesh (lingerie) bag in quadruplicate for each of six time periods (0, 2, 4, 8, 12,(More)
Six rumen-cannulated Holstein cows in early lactation were assigned to 3 treatments: grazing (G), zero-grazing (ZG), and grass silage (GS) harvested from the same perennial rye grass sward in a 3 x 3 Latin square design with three 21-d periods. The objectives of this study were to investigate the underlying mechanisms for the reported elevation in milk(More)
Two experiments were conducted to study digestion and utilization of dry and high moisture barley. Dry matter yield of dry barley was 2.99 tonnes/ha in contrast to 3.58 tonnes/ha for high moisture barley. In Experiment 1, 38 cows in early to midlactation were assigned to two diets (40% alfalfa hay; 9.4% supplement and 50.6% barley, DM basis) that differed(More)
The bovine stearoyl-CoA desaturase (Scd) gene plays an important role in the bovine mammary gland where substrates such as stearic and vaccenic acids are converted to oleic acid and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), respectively. Up to 90% of the CLA in bovine milk is formed due to the action of this enzyme in the mammary gland. The areas of the bovine(More)