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Studies reported previously from this laboratory have shown that microsomal membranes of the vertebrate retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) contain an RPE-specific 65-kDa protein, RPE65, which bears the determinant recognized by the strictly tissue-specific monoclonal antibody RPE9, and which is developmentally regulated (Hamel, C. P., Tsilou, E., Harris, E.,(More)
Inflammation associated with retinochoroiditis is a major complication of ocular toxoplasmosis in infants and immunocompetent individuals. Moreover, Toxoplasma gondii-induced retinal disease causes serious complications in patients with AIDS and transplant patients. The retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell is an important regulatory cell within the retina(More)
Human interleukin 2 (IL 2, or T cell growth factor), which was free of lectin and interferon activity (IFN), induced human peripheral T lymphocytes to produce immune IFN (IFN-gamma). In contrast, non-T cells and macrophages did not produce IFN-gamma in response to IL 2. IL 2 acted directly on unstimulated T cells to induce IFN-gamma production, and also(More)
Class II (HLA-DR) antigens are cell surface molecules that play a major role in the initiation and perpetuation of immune responses. Although most cells do not constitutively express class II antigens, selected cells can be stimulated to do so in some immunologically mediated disorders. When retinal pigment epithelial cells were evaluated by either(More)
Antibodies specific for heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) were produced in rabbits, using the multiple antigen peptide (MAP) technique, and were employed to investigate the ability of transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) to induce the HO-1 protein in cultured human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. Western blot analyses showed that the cytokine(More)
The pathogenic mechanisms involved in immunologically associated ocular diseases are not clearly understood. To further evaluate these types of disorders, we examined the expression of HLA-DR antigen on eye sections from normal individuals and five patients (six eyes) with ocular inflammation (sympathetic ophthalmia and chronic uveitis). Using(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effects of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection on chemokine gene expression and secretion by human retinal pigment epithelial (HRPE) cell cultures. METHODS HRPE cells were infected with HCMV (strain AD169) at an MOI of 5. Culture supernatants, collected at various postinoculation days, were used for the analyses of chemokines by(More)
We generated a mouse model (cKO) with a conditional deletion of TGF-beta signaling in the retinal neurons by crossing TGF-beta receptor I (TGF-beta RI) floxed mice with nestin-Cre mice. Almost all of the newborn cKO mice had retinal detachment at the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)/photoreceptor layer junction of the neurosensory retina (NSR). The(More)
Guinea pigs immunized with recombinant varicella-zoster virus (VZV) glycoproteins E (gE) and I (gI) developed antigen-specific antibodies in the sera, vitreous, and conjunctival washes. Sera from immunized animals neutralized both cell-free and cell-associated VZV, and peripheral blood lymphocytes proliferated in vitro in response to recombinant gE and gI(More)