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Studies reported previously from this laboratory have shown that microsomal membranes of the vertebrate retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) contain an RPE-specific 65-kDa protein, RPE65, which bears the determinant recognized by the strictly tissue-specific monoclonal antibody RPE9, and which is developmentally regulated (Hamel, C. P., Tsilou, E., Harris, E.,(More)
Human interleukin 2 (IL 2, or T cell growth factor), which was free of lectin and interferon activity (IFN), induced human peripheral T lymphocytes to produce immune IFN (IFN-gamma). In contrast, non-T cells and macrophages did not produce IFN-gamma in response to IL 2. IL 2 acted directly on unstimulated T cells to induce IFN-gamma production, and also(More)
PURPOSE The inflammatory response of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) is implicated in the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration. The microRNAs miR-146a and miR-146b-5p can regulate the inflammatory process by attenuating cytokine signaling via the nuclear factor-κB pathway. The aim of the present study is to investigate the expression of(More)
Inflammation associated with retinochoroiditis is a major complication of ocular toxoplasmosis in infants and immunocompetent individuals. Moreover, Toxoplasma gondii-induced retinal disease causes serious complications in patients with AIDS and transplant patients. The retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell is an important regulatory cell within the retina(More)
The pathogenic mechanisms involved in immunologically associated ocular diseases are not clearly understood. To further evaluate these types of disorders, we examined the expression of HLA-DR antigen on eye sections from normal individuals and five patients (six eyes) with ocular inflammation (sympathetic ophthalmia and chronic uveitis). Using(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a major agent in choroidal and retinal neovascularization, events associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and diabetic retinopathy. Retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), strategically located between retina and choroid, plays a critical role in retinal disorders. We have examined the effects of various(More)
Minor salivary gland biopsy specimens from patients with Sjögren's syndrome (primary and secondary) and from normal controls were examined with the four step biotin-avidin-immunoperoxidase assay. The composition of the infiltrating cells was similar in patients with both primary and secondary Sjögren's syndrome, consisting primarily of T lymphocytes with(More)
Class II (HLA-DR) antigens are cell surface molecules that play a major role in the initiation and perpetuation of immune responses. Although most cells do not constitutively express class II antigens, selected cells can be stimulated to do so in some immunologically mediated disorders. When retinal pigment epithelial cells were evaluated by either(More)
Antibodies specific for heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) were produced in rabbits, using the multiple antigen peptide (MAP) technique, and were employed to investigate the ability of transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) to induce the HO-1 protein in cultured human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. Western blot analyses showed that the cytokine(More)
In the vertebrate retina, the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) performs specific functions critical to the normal process of vision. Although some of these functions are well documented, molecular data are still scarce. Using the RPE-specific monoclonal antibody RPE9, raised against human RPE cells, we have identified a novel 65 kD protein, conserved in(More)