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The postsynaptic density (PSD) of central excitatory synapses is essential for postsynaptic signaling, and its components are heterogeneous among different neuronal subtypes and brain structures. Here we report large scale relative and absolute quantification of proteins in PSDs purified from adult rat forebrain and cerebellum. PSD protein profiles were(More)
BACKGROUND Testosterone deficiency, a treatable condition commonly seen in aging men, has been linked to Parkinson disease (PD) and Alzheimer disease (AD). In normal subjects, low testosterone levels are associated with cognitive and neuropsychiatric symptoms, yet the relationship between testosterone levels and cognitive function in PD and AD remains(More)
BACKGROUND Many breast cancer survivors suffer debilitating hot flashes. Estrogen, the drug of choice in perimenopausal women, is generally not recommenced to breast cancer survivors. Nonhormonal treatments are mostly disappointing. Anecdotal reports in our institution suggested that the selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor, paroxetine hydrochloride,(More)
The aim of this study was to search for neuropathological changes in postmortem brain tissue of individuals with cervical dystonia (CD). Multiple regions of formalin-preserved brains were collected from patients with CD and controls and examined with an extensive battery of histopathological stains in a two-stage study design. In stage one, 4 CD brains(More)
This paper concerns the impact of litter effects on the inference of dose-response relationships in teratological experiments with binary response. Kupper et al. (1986, Biometrics 42, 85-98) concluded that when intra-litter correlations are dose-dependent, the use of a common intra-litter correlation likelihood based on the beta-binomial distribution could(More)
The authors examined whether the APOE-epsilon4 allele is associated with an earlier age at onset of AD in 71 African American patients with probable AD. The authors found a linear dose effect in which each copy of the epsilon4 allele was associated with a 3.6-year earlier onset of AD, indicating a dose-dependent relationship between APOE-epsilon4 and age at(More)
The objective of any experiment is to obtain an unbiased and precise estimate of a treatment effect in an efficient manner. Statistical aspects of the design, conduct, and analysis of the experiment play a major role in determining whether this goal is met. We highlight some of the more important statistical issues that pertain to in vivo studies.(More)
This case-control study examined the potential for a common etiology of Parkinson's disease (PD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) using reported family history. Structured interviews were used to collect AD and PD family history from subjects (n = 1,531) with AD, PD, AD/PD, or controls. Intergroup analysis compared reported AD and PD family histories in the(More)
The authors examined the relationship between hypertension and cognitive performance in 34 African-American patients with probable Alzheimer disease. Multiple regression analyses indicated that hypertension was associated with poorer overall performance on the Mattis Dementia Rating Scale, particularly the Initiation/Perseveration and Conceptualization(More)
OBJECTIVES To empirically expand the existing subtypes of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) by incorporating information on neuropsychiatric and functional features, and to assess whether cerebrovascular disease (CVD) risk factors are associated with any of these subgroups. DESIGN Latent class analysis using 1,655 patients with MCI. SETTING Participants(More)