John J. Greer

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Mice lacking the proneural transcription factor Math1 (Atoh1) lack multiple neurons of the proprioceptive and arousal systems and die shortly after birth from an apparent inability to initiate respiration. We sought to determine whether Math1 was necessary for the development of hindbrain nuclei involved in respiratory rhythm generation, such as the(More)
Textbooks of embryology provide a standard set of drawings and text reflecting the traditional interpretation of phrenic nerve and diaphragm development based on anatomical dissections of embryonic tissue. Here, we revisit this issue, taking advantage of immunohistochemical markers for muscle precursors in conjunction with mouse mutants to perform a(More)
Advances in the understanding of normal diaphragm embryogenesis have provided the necessary foundation for novel insights into the pathogenesis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Although diaphragm formation is still not completely understood, we have identified key structures and periods of development that are clearly abnormal in animal models of(More)
Rett Syndrome, an X-linked dominant neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by regression of language and hand use, is primarily caused by mutations in methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2). Loss of function mutations in MECP2 are also found in other neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism, Angelman-like syndrome and non-specific mental retardation.(More)
Rhythmically active medullary slice preparations isolated from neonatal rats (postnatal days 0–3, P0–P3) were used to study the modulation of respiraory rhythmogenesis and hypoglossal (XII) nerve discharge by serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) and noradrenaline (NA). 5-HT, NA and their respective receptor agonists and antagonists were applied either to(More)
Patterned spontaneous activity is generated in developing neuronal circuits throughout the CNS including the spinal cord. This activity is thought to be important for activity-dependent neuronal growth, synapse formation, and the establishment of neuronal networks. In this study, we examine the spatiotemporal distribution of motor patterns generated by rat(More)
Lbx1 is a transcription factor that determines neuronal cell fate and identity in the developing medulla and spinal cord. Newborn Lbx1 mutant mice die of respiratory distress during the early postnatal period. Using in vitro brainstem-spinal cord preparations we tested the hypothesis that Lbx1 is necessary for the inception, development and modulation of(More)
Rett syndrome (RTT) is characterized by specific motor, cognitive, and behavioral deficits. Because several of these abnormalities occur in other disease states associated with alterations in aminergic neurotransmitters, we investigated the contribution of such alterations to RTT pathogenesis. We found that both individuals with RTT and Mecp2-null mice have(More)
Respiratory rhythmogenesis is modulated by chloride-mediated conductances via GABAA and glycine receptors. In this study, we determine the actions of chloride-mediated conductances on respiratory rhythmogenesis in perinatal rats from the time of inception of fetal inspiratory drive through to the newborn period. Data were obtained from perinatal rat models,(More)
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a significant cause of pediatric mortality in humans with a heterogeneous and poorly understood etiology. Here we show that mice lacking Slit3 developed a central (septum transversum) CDH. Slit3 encodes a member of the Slit family of guidance molecules and is expressed predominantly in the mesothelium of the(More)