John J. Demakas

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Vestibular schwannomas are benign intracranial tumors arising from the vestibular nerve. Treatment options include observation, stereotactic radiosurgery, fractionated radiotherapy, and microsurgery. We review the evidence describing efficacy and side-effect profiles of each of these modalities. This was accomplished by outlining the results of published(More)
A 24-year-old woman presented with progressive optochiasmatic arachnoiditis causing progressively worsening visual loss associated with headache and amenorrhea. Treatment with the standard initial therapy of dexamethasone, warfarin, and dipyridamole was unsuccessful at halting her disease process. Surgical lysis of adhesions led to a temporary improvement(More)
BACKGROUND Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a form of radiation therapy that delivers a focused, highly conformal dose of radiation to a single volume, while minimizing damage to the adjacent nervous tissue. The efficacy of SRS has been examined in the treatment of patients diagnosed with brain metastases due to the fact that it is capable of targeting(More)
The management of brainstem metastases is challenging. Surgical treatment is usually not an option, and chemotherapy is of limited utility. Stereotactic radiosurgery has emerged as a promising palliative treatment modality in these cases. The goal of this study is to assess our single institution experience treating brainstem metastases with Gamma Knife(More)
Treatment options for trigeminal neuralgia (TN) must be customized for the individual patient, and physicians must be aware of the medical, surgical, and radiation treatment modalities to prescribe optimal treatment courses for specific patients. The following case illustrates the potential for gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) to be repeated multiple times(More)
BACKGROUND Whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT), surgical resection, stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), and combinations of the three modalities are used in the management of patients with metastatic brain tumors. We present the previously unreported survival outcomes of 275 patients treated for newly diagnosed brain metastases at Cancer Care Northwest and(More)
Only 3%-5% of all brain metastases are located in the brainstem. We present a comprehensive review of the clinical outcomes from modern studies that treated patients with brainstem metastasis using either a Gamma Knife or a linear accelerator-based stereotactic radiosurgery. The median survival time of patients was compared to better understand what(More)
BACKGROUND Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is one of the most aggressive primary brain tumors and is associated with a dismal prognosis. The median survival after the primary diagnosis remains poor, even after multimodal treatment approaches. However, a few patients have been reported to have long term survival greater than three years. A number of studies(More)
Melanoma and renal cell carcinoma have a well-documented tendency to develop metastases to the brain. Treating these lesions has traditionally been problematic, because chemotherapy has difficulty crossing the blood brain barrier and whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) is a relatively ineffective treatment against these radioresistant tumor histologies. In(More)
BACKGROUND Previously published randomized evidence did not report a survival advantage for patients diagnosed with grade IV glioma who were treated with stereotactic radiosurgery followed by external beam radiation therapy and chemotherapy when compared to patients treated with external beam radiation therapy and chemotherapy alone. In recent years, gamma(More)