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Hippocampal sclerosis (HS) is the most common pathological substrate for temporal lobe epilepsy with a characteristic pattern of loss of principle neurons primarily in CA1 and hilar subfields. Other cytoarchitectural abnormalities have been identified in human HS specimens, including dispersion of dentate granule cells and cytoskeletal abnormalities in(More)
BACKGROUND Prenatal exposure to antiepileptic drugs is associated with a greater risk of major congenital malformations, but there is inadequate information on the comparative teratogenicity of individual antiepileptic drugs and the association with dose. We aimed to establish the risks of major congenital malformations after monotherapy exposure to four(More)
OBJECTIVES Levetiracetam is a broad-spectrum antiepileptic drug (AED) which is currently licensed in the United States and the United Kingdom and Ireland for use as adjunctive treatment of focal-onset seizures and myoclonic seizures or generalized tonic-clonic seizures, occurring as part of generalized epilepsy syndromes. In the United Kingdom and Ireland,(More)
Telemedicine is the delivery of health care and the exchange of health-care information across distances. It is not a technology or a separate or new branch of medicine. Telemedicine episodes may be classified on the basis of: (1) the interaction between the client and the expert (i.e. realtime or prerecorded), and (2) the type of information being(More)
PURPOSE To analyze seizure control, dose adjustments, and other changes of antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment during pregnancy in a large cohort of women with epilepsy entering pregnancy on monotherapy with carbamazepine, lamotrigine, phenobarbital, or valproate. METHODS Seizure control and AED treatment were recorded prospectively in 3,806 pregnancies of(More)
The Sixth Epilepsy Research Foundation workshop, held in Oxford in March 2006, brought together basic scientists, geneticists, epidemiologists, statisticians, pharmacologists and clinicians to consider progress, issues and strategies for harnessing genetics to improve the understanding and treatment of the epilepsies. General principles were considered,(More)