John J. Burke

Learn More
Transgenic tobacco plants that express a chimeric gene that encodes chloroplast-localized Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) from pea have been developed. To investigate whether increased expression of chloroplast-targeted SOD could alter the resistance of photosynthesis to environmental stress, these plants were subjected to chilling temperatures and(More)
Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is ranked as the fifth most important grain crop and serves as a major food staple and fodder resource for much of the world, especially in arid and semi-arid regions. The recent surge in sorghum research is driven by its tolerance to drought/heat stresses and its strong potential as a bioenergy feedstock. Completion of(More)
PCR has become one of the most popular techniques in functional genomics. Projects in both forward and reverse genetics routinely require PCR amplification of thousands of samples. Processing samples to extract DNA of sufficient purity for PCR is often a limiting step. We have developed a simple 96-well plate-based high-throughput DNA extraction method that(More)
Data are presented which suggest the existence of a light-harvesting pigment-protein complex which is functionally and structurally associated with photosystem I (PSI) reaction centers. These observations are based on techniques which allow isolation of PSI using minimal concentrations of Triton X-100. Properties of density and self aggregation allowed(More)
Acquired thermotolerance is a complex physiological phenomenon that enables plants to survive normally lethal temperatures. This study characterizes the temperature sensitivity of Arabidopsis using a chlorophyll accumulation bioassay, describes a procedure for selection of acquired thermotolerance mutants, and provides the physiological characterization of(More)
Plants are constantly challenged with various abiotic stresses in their natural environment. Elevated temperatures have a detrimental impact on overall plant growth and productivity. Many plants increase their tolerance to high temperatures through an adaptation response known as acquired thermotolerance. To identify the various mechanisms that plants have(More)
Peanut genotypes from the US mini-core collection were analysed for changes in leaf proteins during reproductive stage growth under water-deficit stress. One- and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (1- and 2-DGE) was performed on soluble protein extracts of selected tolerant and susceptible genotypes. A total of 102 protein bands/spots were analysed by(More)
Plants, as sessile organisms, employ multiple mechanisms to adapt to the seasonal and daily temperature fluctuations associated with their habitats. Here, we provide genetic and physiological evidence that the FtsH11 protease of Arabidopsis contributes to the overall tolerance of the plant to elevated temperatures. To identify the various mechanisms of(More)
Plants respond to high temperature stress by the synthesis of an assortment of heat shock proteins that have been correlated with an acquired thermal tolerance to otherwise lethal temperatures. This study was conducted to determine whether genotypic differences in acquired thermal tolerance were associated with changes in the pattern of heat shock protein(More)