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To investigate possible sex differences in the dynamics of T wave generation, the maximum instantaneous slope of the ascending and descending limbs of the T wave (max dV/dt and min dV/dt, respectively), were calculated. These rate of repolarization parameters, as well as more traditional repolarization duration parameters (QT, JT, Q to T wave peak [QTm] and(More)
OBJECTIVES This study attempted to determine the prevalence and electrocardiographic (ECG) lead distribution of T wave "humps" (T2, after an initial T wave peak, T1) among families with long QT syndrome and control subjects. BACKGROUND T wave abnormalities have been suggested as another facet of familial long QT syndrome, in addition to prolongation of(More)
INTRODUCTION To determine whether an increased female gender susceptibility to torsades de pointes (TdP) may exist in a clinical model of bradycardia-induced long QT syndrome, we investigated reported cases of TdP associated with acquired complete heart block. METHODS AND RESULTS Seventy-two cases reported in the medical literature dating from 1941(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to investigate the nature of terminal events and potential contributory clinical and nonclinical (e.g., device-related) factors associated with sudden death (SD) in recipients of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). BACKGROUND The ICD is very effective in terminating ventricular tachycardia (VT) or ventricular fibrillation(More)
INTRODUCTION Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are occasionally used in presumed high-risk patients with electrocardiographically undocumented syncope, although the incidence of ventricular tachyarrhythmias in this population is not well defined. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 33 consecutive patients receiving an ICD (67% nonthoracotomy and(More)
From published articles and adverse reactions reports filed with the FDA (available through the Freedom of Information Act), we analyzed occurrences of tachyarrhythmias and the magnitude of QTc prolongation associated with probucol therapy. Of 16 cases of tachyarrhythmic events reported in association with probucol, 15 (94%) occurred in women (p < 0.01 vs(More)
Among 20 consecutive patients (65% women) with drug-associated torsades de pointes, chemical evidence for hypothyroidism was found in only 10% of both women and men. Subclinical hypothyroidism is therefore unlikely to account for the consistently observed sex difference in the propensity to torsades de pointes.
Despite the advent of dual chamber ICDs, differentiation of VT (SMVT) with 1:1 VA conduction will remain a challenge. In this study, VA conduction capability and prevalence of inducible sustained monomorphic (SM) VT with 1:1 VA conduction was assessed in 305 ICD recipients. SMVT with a mean cycle length (CL) of 304 +/- 61 ms was induced in 161 (53%)(More)