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The simulation of large crowds of humans is important in many fields of computer graphics, including real-time applications such as games, as they can breathe life into otherwise static scenes and enhance believability. We present a novel hybrid rendering system for crowds that solves the classic problem of degraded quality of image-based representations at(More)
In this paper, we consider the problem of determining feature saliency for three-dimensional (3D) objects and describe a series of experiments that examined if salient features exist and can be predicted in advance. We attempt to determine salient features by using an eye-tracking device to capture human gaze data and then investigate if the visual fidelity(More)
In this paper, we consider the problem of determining feature saliency for 3D objects and describe a series of experiments that examined if salient features exist and can be predicted in advance. We attempt to determine salient features by using an eye-tracking device to capture human gaze data and then investigate if the visual fidelity of simplified(More)
In large-scale simulations involving complex scenes, such as cities inhabited by crowds, simplifications are almost always necessary to achieve interactive frame-rates. Level of Detail (LOD) techniques such as reducing geometric complexity, or substituting impostor images for geometry, are usually employed. Image-based or impostor techniques have been(More)
The use of transgenic plants to produce novel products has great biotechnological potential as the relatively inexpensive inputs of light, water, and nutrients are utilised in return for potentially valuable bioactive metabolites, diagnostic proteins and vaccines. Extensive research is ongoing in this area internationally with the aim of producing(More)
Isolation of gene transcripts from desiccated leaf tissues of the resurrection grass, Sporobolus stapfianus, resulted in the identification of a gene, SDG8i, encoding a Group 1 glycosyltransferase (UGT). Here, we examine the effects of introducing this gene, under control of the CaMV35S promoter, into the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. Results show that(More)
Medicinal tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) leaves contain large amounts of an essential oil, dominated by monoterpenes. Several enzymes of the chloroplastic methylerythritol phosphate (MEP) pathway are hypothesised to act as bottlenecks to the production of monoterpenes. We investigated, whether transcript abundance of genes encoding for enzymes of the MEP(More)
Antigen-specific antibody responses against a model antigen (the B subunit of the heat labile toxin of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, LTB) were studied in sheep following oral immunisation with plant-made and delivered vaccines. Delivery from a root-based vehicle resulted in antigen-specific immune responses in mucosal secretions of the abomasum and(More)