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BACKGROUND Bevacizumab, a monoclonal antibody against vascular endothelial growth factor, has shown promising preclinical and clinical activity against metastatic colorectal cancer, particularly in combination with chemotherapy. METHODS Of 813 patients with previously untreated metastatic colorectal cancer, we randomly assigned 402 to receive irinotecan,(More)
Howard I. Scher, M.D., Karim Fizazi, M.D., Ph.D., Fred Saad, M.D., Mary-Ellen Taplin, M.D., Cora N. Sternberg, M.D. Kurt Miller, M.D., Ronald de Wit, M.D., Peter Mulders, M.D., Ph.D., Kim N. Chi, M.D., Neal D. Shore, M.D., Andrew J. Armstrong, M.D., Thomas W. Flaig, M.D., Aude Fléchon, M.D., Ph.D., Paul Mainwaring, M.D., Mark Fleming, M.D., John D.(More)
BACKGROUND We compared docetaxel plus doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (TAC) with fluorouracil plus doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (FAC) as adjuvant chemotherapy for operable node-positive breast cancer. METHODS We randomly assigned 1491 women with axillary node-positive breast cancer to six cycles of treatment with either TAC or FAC as adjuvant(More)
PURPOSE To conduct a randomized phase II trial of dose-intense gemcitabine using a standard 30-minute infusion or the fixed dose rate (FDR) infusion (10 mg/m2/min) in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS In this prospective trial, patients with locally advanced and metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma were treated with 2,200 mg/m2(More)
PURPOSE To propose a classification of the acute emetogenicity of antineoplastic chemotherapy agents, and to develop an algorithm to define the emetogenicity of combination chemotherapy regimens. METHODS A Medline search was conducted to identify (1) clinical trials that used chemotherapy as single-agent therapy, and (2) major reviews of antiemetic(More)
Metastatic Cancer of Unknown Primary Site (CUP) accounts for approximately 3% of all malignant neoplasms and is therefore one of the 10 most frequent cancer diagnoses in man. Patients with CUP present with metastatic disease for which the site of origin cannot be identified at the time of diagnosis. It is now accepted that CUP represents a heterogeneous(More)
BACKGROUND Everolimus, an oral inhibitor of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), has shown antitumour activity in patients with advanced pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours. We aimed to assess the combination of everolimus plus octreotide long-acting repeatable (LAR) in patients with low-grade or intermediate-grade neuroendocrine tumours (carcinoid). (More)
BACKGROUND Alterations in hedgehog signaling are implicated in the pathogenesis of basal-cell carcinoma. Although most basal-cell carcinomas are treated surgically, no effective therapy exists for locally advanced or metastatic basal-cell carcinoma. A phase 1 study of vismodegib (GDC-0449), a first-in-class, small-molecule inhibitor of the hedgehog pathway,(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of combined treatment with two targeted agents, an antibody against vascular endothelial growth factor (bevacizumab) and an epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (erlotinib), in the treatment of patients with metastatic clear-cell renal carcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS Sixty-three patients(More)
BACKGROUND Bevacizumab (Avastin; rhuMab VEGF), a humanized monoclonal antibody against vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), significantly prolongs survival when added to intravenous 5-fluorouracil-based chemotherapy in first-line metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment. Because antiangiogenic agents might inhibit wound healing, we assessed(More)