• Publications
  • Influence
Linear probability, logit and probit models
The Linear Probability Model Specification of Nonlinear Probability Models Estimation of Probit and Logit Models for Dichotomous Dependent Variables Minimum Chi-Square Estimation and Polytomous
Why parties? : the origin and transformation of political parties in America
Acknowledgments Pt. 1: Political Parties and Democracy 1: Politics and Parties in America 2: Why Parties Form Pt. 2: Party Formation in America, 1790-1860 3: Founding the First Parties: Institutions
Rational Choice and Turnout
Turning out to vote is the most common and important act of political participation in any democracy. Voting is also less well understood and explained empirically than other political acts engaged
“Sophisticated” Voting in the 1988 Presidential Primaries
Voters in multicandidate contests may confront circumstances under which it is in their interest to vote for a second- or even lower-ranked candidate. The U.S. electoral system, typically offering a
A Downsian Spatial Model with Party Activism
A unidimensional spatial model is proposed in this article. Although its formal structure parallels the spatial model of electoral competition, this model examines the decisions of individuals as
A Method of Scaling with Applications to the 1968 and 1972 Presidential Elections
TLDR
A method of scaling is proposed to estimate the positions of candidates and voters on a common issue dimension and the resulting ideal point estimates are related to candidate positions in 1968 to test a simple Downsian voting model.
Third-Party and Independent Candidates in American Politics: Wallace, Anderson, and Perot
Between 1852 and 1992 the United States held thirty-six presidential elections. The Democrats won fifteen, the Republicans won the other twenty-one. This duopoly has been threatened from time to
Foreign Affairs and Issue Voting: Do Presidential Candidates “Waltz Before a Blind Audience?”.
VWhile candidates regularly spend much time and effort campaigning on foreign and defense policies, the thrust of prevailing scholarly opinion is that voters possess little information and weak
The Decline of Electoral Participation in America
Since 1960 turnout has declined in presidential elections, and since 1966 it has declined in off-year congressional elections. These declines occurred despite several major trends that could have
FOREIGN POLICY AND THE ELECTORAL CONNECTION
▪ Abstract Public opinion is central to representation, democratic accountability, and decision making. Yet, the public was long believed to be relatively uninterested in foreign affairs, absent an
...
...