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To obtain long-duration protection from mosquitoes using insect repellent N, N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET), this compound was incapsulated in situ during the graft copolymerization of butyl acrylate onto chitosan in an aqueous solution. Morphology of microcapsules was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, scanning probe microscopy, and transmission(More)
In multispectral imaging, Wiener estimation is widely adopted for the reconstruction of spectral reflectance. We propose an improved reflectance reconstruction method by adaptively selecting training samples for the autocorrelation matrix calculation in Wiener estimation, without a prior knowledge of the spectral information of the samples being imaged. The(More)
In a multispectral color imaging system, the spectral reflectance of the object being imaged always needs to be accurately reconstructed by employing the training samples on specific color charts. Considering that the workload is heavy when all those color samples are used in practical applications, it is important to select only a limited number of the(More)
A new method of spectral characterization for color scanners by the use of adaptive estimation is proposed. It deals with estimation of high-dimensional reflectance vectors from low-dimensional scanner response vectors when the scanner departs from linearity. We first investigate the spectral linearity of the scanner, and then estimate the spectral(More)
In multispectral imaging system, one of the most important tasks is to accurately reconstruct the spectral reflectance from system responses. We propose such a new method by combing three most frequently used techniques, i.e., wiener estimation, pseudo-inverse, and finite-dimensional modeling. The weightings of these techniques are calculated by minimizing(More)
Inspired by the non-wetting phenomena of duck feathers, the water repellent property of duck feathers was studied at the nanoscale. The microstructures of the duck feather were investigated by a scanning electron microscope (SEM) imaging method through a step-by-step magnifying procedure. The SEM results show that duck feathers have a multi-scale structure(More)
found in China has large, grooved teeth and is the first avian fossil to show specialized enamel. When stomach contents cannot be recovered, palaeontologists look to the teeth for insight into diet and environment. Jingmai O’Connor at the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County in California and her colleagues describe the fossil of Sulcavis geeorum(More)
A scanner characterization method is proposed to estimate spectral reflectance from scanner responses by using an optimized adaptive estimation method. In contrast to our previous study [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A21, 1125 (2004)], this method considers the weighting of training samples. It is demonstrated that the color accuracy of this method is only slightly(More)
This article reports on the fabrication of cotton fabrics with single-faced superhydrophobicity using a simple foam finishing process. Unlike most commonly reported superhydrophobic fabrics, the fabrics developed in this study exhibit asymmetric wettability on their two faces: one face showing superhydrophobic behavior (highly nonwetting or water-repellent(More)