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BACKGROUND Although an increased cancer risk in Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is established, data on the spectrum of tumors associated with the disease and the influence of germ-line STK11/LKB1 (serine/threonine kinase) mutation status are limited. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We analyzed the incidence of cancer in 419 individuals with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, and 297(More)
The molecular mechanisms by which different mutations in the same gene can result in distinct disease phenotypes remain largely unknown. Truncating mutations of SOX10 cause either a complex neurocristopathy designated PCWH or a more restricted phenotype known as Waardenburg-Shah syndrome (WS4; OMIM 277580). Here we report that although all nonsense and(More)
Based on the available literature, this review article investigates the issue of resilience in relation to trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder. Resilient coping to extreme stress and trauma is a multifaceted phenomena characterized as a complex repertoire of behavioral tendencies. An integrative Person x Situation model is developed based on the(More)
PURPOSE Early visual defects in degenerative diseases such as retinitis pigmentosa (RP) may arise from phased remodeling of the neural retina. The authors sought to explore the functional expression of ionotropic (iGluR) and group 3, type 6 metabotropic (mGluR6) glutamate receptors in late-stage photoreceptor degeneration. METHODS Excitation mapping with(More)
Transcription stimulates the genetic instability of trinucleotide repeat sequences. However, the mechanisms leading to transcription-dependent repeat length variation are unclear. We demonstrate, using biochemical and genetic approaches, that the formation of stable RNA.DNA hybrids enhances the instability of CTG.CAG repeat tracts. In vitro transcribed(More)
The possibility of using the porphyrin precursor 5-aminolevulinic acid to cause selective porphyrin accumulation in tumors was examined. Syngeneic colon carcinomas CC531 were implanted in the livers of Wag/Rij rats. Groups of three to six animals each were given 2 mg/mL of 5-aminolevulinic acid in drinking water from the 8th, 14th, or 17th day after tumor(More)
Two mutations of the porphobilinogen (PBG) deaminase gene resulting in cross-reacting immunological material (CRIM) positive forms of acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) have been identified by in vitro amplification of cDNA and cloning of the amplified products in a bacterial expression vector. Both mutations resulted from G to A transitions in exon 10 of(More)
The Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is a rare hereditary disorder in which gastrointestinal hamartomatous polyposis, mucocutaneous pigmentation, and a predisposition for developing cancer are transmitted in an autosomal dominant fashion. The recently identified LKB1/STK11 gene located at chromosome 19p13.3 is mutated in a number of PJS pedigrees. We performed(More)
STUDY DESIGN Stages of the surgical procedure for pinealectomy in chickens were identified. Groups of chickens were selected for each stage. Scoliosis development was identified from radiographs. OBJECTIVES To determine the critical stage of surgery for pinealectomy after which scoliosis develops in young chickens. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA(More)