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The positively charged S4 transmembrane segment of voltage-gated channels is thought to function as the voltage sensor by moving charge through the membrane electric field in response to depolarization. Here we studied S4 movements in the mammalian HCN pacemaker channels. Unlike most voltage-gated channel family members that are activated by depolarization,(More)
Previous expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) studies have performed genetic association studies for gene expression, but most of these studies examined lymphoblastoid cell lines from non-diseased individuals. We examined the genetics of gene expression in a relevant disease tissue from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients to identify(More)
There is a paucity of biomarkers for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Metabolomics were applied to a defined COPD patient cohort from the ECLIPSE study (Evaluation of COPD Longitudinally to Identify Predictive Surrogate End-points). Results were correlated with accepted biomarkers for the disease. Baseline control serum (n=66) and Global(More)
The Evaluation of COPD Longitudinally to Identify Predictive Surrogate End-points (ECLIPSE) study was a large 3-year observational controlled multicentre international study aimed at defining clinically relevant subtypes of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and identifying novel biomarkers and genetic factors. So far, the ECLIPSE study has(More)
BACKGROUND Induced sputum is used to sample inflammatory cells, predominantly neutrophils and macrophages, from the airways of COPD patients. The author's aim was to identify candidate genes associated with the degree of airflow obstruction and the extent of emphysema by expression profiling, and then to confirm these findings for selected candidates using(More)
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are defined as frequent exacerbators suffer with 2 or more exacerbations every year. The molecular mechanisms responsible for this phenotype are poorly understood. We investigated gene expression profile patterns associated with frequent exacerbations in sputum and blood cells in a(More)
An important step toward understanding the biological mechanisms underlying a complex disease is a refined understanding of its clinical heterogeneity. Relating clinical and molecular differences may allow us to define more specific subtypes of patients that respond differently to therapeutic interventions. We developed a novel unbiased method called(More)
GSK961081 is a bifunctional molecule demonstrating both muscarinic antagonist and β-agonist activities. This was a 4-week, multicentre, randomised, double-blind, double-dummy, placebo and salmeterol controlled parallel group study. Doses ranging across three twice-daily doses and three once-daily doses were assessed in moderate and severe chronic(More)
We explored the structural basis of voltage sensing in the HCN1 hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated cation channel by examining the relative orientation of the voltage sensor and pore domains. The opening of channels engineered to contain single cysteine residues at the extracellular ends of the voltage-sensing S4 (V246C) and pore-forming S5(More)
  • N Schiffmann, Chavez K M Azdad, +67 authors S Schurmans
  • 2010
Homeostatic plasticity of striatal neurons intrinsic excitability following dopamine depletion. PLoS ONE 4(9): e6908. Effects of maternal alcohol consumption during breastfeeding on motor and cerebellar Purkinje cells behavior in mice. CALLEWAERT: Differential contribution of the Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl(-) cotransporter NKCC1 to chloride handling in rat embryonic(More)