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Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus cDNAs, BmAChE1, BmAChE2, and BmAChE3, were previously identified as presumptively encoding acetylcholinesterases (AChEs), but biochemical identity was confirmed only for recombinant BmAChE3. In the present study, four recombinant BmAChE1 constructs and single recombinant constructs of BmAChE2 and BmAChE3 were expressed in(More)
Nine Hereford calves were infested with Psoroptes ovis and were allowed to develop clinical mange during a 9-week period. Blood, serum, and urine samples were obtained before and after calves were infested and were compared with those from 3 noninfested control calves. All calves were euthanatized and necropsied 9 weeks after they were infested. Gross and(More)
This report is designed to provide additional information regarding larval soluble proteins toward the planned development of a comprehensive database of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus proteins that elicit a humoral immune response in cattle as a result of natural ectoparasite infestation. Larval proteins of R. microplus are complex and the protein(More)
A strain of Mexican Boophilus microplus (Cz) collected near Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz, Mexico, exhibits a moderate, but significant, level of permethrin resistance. Unlike other highly permethrin resistant strains, the Cz strain does not have a mutation within the sodium channel gene that results in target-site insensitivity. However, the Cz strain possesses(More)
This manuscript provides a summary of the results presented at a symposium organized to accumulate information on factors that influence the prevalence of acaricide resistance and tick-borne diseases. This symposium was part of the 19th International Conference of the World Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology (WAAVP), held in New(More)
We examined pyrethroid resistant Mexican strains of Boophilus microplus using biochemical and molecular tests to determine the mechanisms conferring resistance. Permethrin hydrolysis assays and esterase activity gels indicated enhanced esterase-mediated metabolic detoxification in the Cz strain, while one other pyrethroid resistant strain, SF, and two(More)
The MHC of cattle, known as the bovine leukocyte antigen (BoLA) complex, plays an integral role in disease and parasite susceptibility, and immune responsiveness of the host. While susceptibility to tick infestation in cattle is believed to be heritable, genes that may be responsible for the manifestation of this phenotype remain elusive. In an effort to(More)
  • J H Pruett
  • 1999
The control of arthropod ectoparasites of livestock by systemically delivered chemicals was introduced in the 1950s. Their low cost, ease of use, and high level of efficacy ensured dependence upon them for ectoparasite control. However, current societal and scientific concerns regarding dependency upon chemicals have emphasised the need for the evaluation(More)
Bovine scabies in a clinical problem during the cool autumn and cold winter months. In south Texas it is necessary to stanchion animals in order to elicit patent infestation during summer months. Environmental factors and grooming have been purported to account for summer resistance to infestation. However, stanchioned animals exhibit varied levels of(More)
ABSTRACT Acetylcholinesterase cDNAs, BmAChE1, BmAChE2, and BmAChE3 of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Canestrini) were sequenced and found to exhibit significant polymorphism. A portion of the predicted amino acid substitutions in BmAChE1, BmAChE2, and BmAChE3 were found predominantly in organophosphate-resistant strains, but most did not correlate(More)