John H. Newby

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The pattern and severity of substantiated mutual and nonmutual spouse abuse between U.S. Army enlisted personnel and their spouses was determined for 1998 to 2002. The number of nonmutual and mutual abuse victims was equal in 1998, but by 2002 there were about twice as many non mutual as mutual victims. The rate per thousand of mutual abuse decreased by 58%(More)
The transitional compensation (TC) program of the U.S. Army provides financial and other benefits to the families of service members discharged for child or spouse maltreatment. We analyzed the TC records of the 347 offenders, 337 spouses (160 victims and 177 nonvictims) who were applicants for benefits, and 820 children (244 victims and 576 nonvictims).(More)
Little is known about the similarities and differences between civilian and military child maltreatment cases and no recent study has compared them directly. Understanding the nature of the problems in each could lead to identifying strengths and weaknesses for the development of more helpful prevention and treatment programs. The overall rates of child(More)
Aggression by a random sample of female soldiers (N = 1,185) toward their employed (n = 840) and unemployed (n = 345) civilian husbands was measured by the Conflict Tactics Scale. When age, race, rank, years married, and the number of previous marriages were held constant, severe aggression toward unemployed male spouses was significantly greater than(More)
OBJECTIVE To report the distributions and characteristics of spouse abuse victims and offenders in the U.S. Army Central Registry from 1989 to 1997. METHOD Case and population data were tabulated using SAS procedures. RESULTS There were 61,827 initial substantiated cases, 5,772 subsequent incidents, and 3,921 reopened cases. Victim rates varied between(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the relationship between length of soldier deployment and self-reports of moderate and severe spousal violence. METHODS The Conflict Tactics Scale was used to measure self-reports of behaviors exhibited in marital conflict. Surveys were administered to a 15% random sample of 26,835 deployed and nondeployed married active duty U.S.(More)
The prevalence and incidence of HIV-1 infection in the U.S. military has been higher in minorities than in whites. In order to understand the reason for this disproportionate impact of the epidemic, military HIV research efforts were reviewed for race/ethnic-specific differences in a conference held in July 1993. Studies presented were from the areas of(More)
Drug abuse has been subjected to a myriad of empirical and theoretical explorations which have attempted to explicate its occurrence as a sociobehavioral phenomenon. The study of the organization of drug-related behavioral manifestations requires the investigation of variant psychosocial, situational, environmental, and structural variables. Small groups(More)
Although military deployment has been suggested as a possible cause of increases in domestic violence, little is known about it. The purpose of this study was to determine if deployment of 6 months to Bosnia predicted early postdeployment domestic violence. Active duty recently deployed (N = 313) and nondeployed (N = 712) male soldiers volunteered to take(More)
This study compares reports of the severity of child maltreatment for the U.S. Army and a civilian jurisdiction, Washington State (WS). Such comparisons can provide important information on risk and protective factors in designing prevention programs. An understanding of the differences facilitates the tailoring of interventions to better fit the(More)