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To date, the ketamine/PCP model of psychosis has been proposed to be one of the best pharmacological models to mimic schizophrenic psychosis in healthy volunteers, since ketamine can induce both positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia. At subanesthetic doses, ketamine has been reported to primarily block N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor complex(More)
To investigate the pathophysiology of fatigue in MS, we assessed cerebral glucose metabolism (CMR-Glu) in 47 MS patients using PET and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose. Applying the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), we first compared MS patients with severe fatigue (MS-FAT, n = 19, FSS > 4.9) and MS patients without fatigue (MS-NOF, n = 16, FSS < 3.7) on a pixel-by-pixel(More)
We used PET with the tracers [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG), [18F]fluorodopa (FDOPA) and [11C]raclopride (RACLO) to study striatal glucose and dopa metabolism, and dopamine D2 receptor binding, respectively, in nine patients with multiple system atrophy. Ten patients with classical Parkinson's disease were investigated with the same three PET tracers' and(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the relationship between striatal dopa decarboxylase capacity, D2 dopamine receptor binding, and energy metabolism in Parkinson's disease (PD). DESIGN Positron emission tomographic (PET) studies of glucose and dopa metabolism and D2 dopamine receptor binding in the caudate nucleus and putamen of patients with PD at different Hoehn and(More)
Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in healthy controls and non-demented, non-depressed Parkinsonian patients was measured using H2(15)O PET while subjects performed a prelearned pattern recognition task with delayed response. To investigate differences between the two groups in response to reward, the experimental design consisted of three reinforcement(More)
UNLABELLED The identification of discrete patterns of altered functional brain circuitry in preclinical Huntington's disease (HD) gene carriers is important to understanding the pathophysiology of this disorder and could be useful as a biologic disease marker. The purpose of this study was to use PET imaging of regional cerebral glucose metabolism to(More)
The quad-HIDAC small animal PET camera is a quadratic array of high-density avalanche chambers; the camera described in this publication consists of 16 modules. We present the system response using point and line sources and a mouse phantom. The quad-HIDAC camera exhibits a count rate stability of better than 1% and linearity of response to coincidences up(More)
UNLABELLED In a previous [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET study we analyzed regional metabolic data from a combined group of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and healthy volunteers (N), using network analysis. By this method, we identified a unique pattern of regional metabolic covariation with an expression which accurately discriminated patients from(More)
With the purpose of studying neural activation associated with reward processing in humans, we measured regional cerebral blood flow in 10 right-handed healthy subjects performing a delayed go-no go task in two different reinforcement conditions. Correct responses were either rewarded by money or a simple "ok' reinforcer. Behaviour rewarded by money, as(More)
This study investigated the processing of increasing monetary reward in nonsmoking and smoking subjects. The choice of the subject populations has been motivated by the observation of differences between nonsmokers and smokers in response to rewarding stimuli in a previous study. Subjects performed a pattern recognition task with delayed response, while(More)