John H. Mathews

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The neutralization (N) site on the gp56 (E2) surface glycoprotein of the TC-83 vaccine strain of Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis (VEE) virus has been characterized using monoclonal antibodies. Five new epitopes (E2d-h) were identified three of which could be mapped into the critical N site by using a competitive binding assay (CBA). Antibodies reactive(More)
The glycosylation patterns of the envelope (E) glycoprotein of several naturally occurring strains of St Louis encephalitis (SLE) virus were investigated. SLE viruses were found that contained both glycosylated and non-glycosylated E proteins, and one isolate (Tr 9464) that lacks N-linked glycosylation sites on its E protein was identified. SLE virus(More)
To identify T-helper (Th)-cell epitopes, we analyzed 25 synthetic peptides, which included most of the 495-amino-acid sequence of the envelope (E)-glycoprotein of dengue 2 virus. The peptides were analyzed in three mouse strains, BALB/c (H-2d), C57BL/6 (H-2b), and outbred NIH-Swiss, for their ability to elicit antibody or prime the Th-cell compartment(More)
The virulence of a yellow fever (YF) virus (P-16065) isolated from a fatal case of vaccine-associated viral encephalitis was investigated. P-16065 appeared identical to its parent vaccine virus (17D-204 USA, lot 6145) when examined with monoclonal antibodies except that YF wild type-specific MAb S24 recognized P-16065 but not 17D-204 USA 6145. Thus, a(More)
The outbreak of West Nile (WN) encephalitis in the United States has rekindled interest in developing direct methods for prevention and control of human flaviviral infections. Although equine WN vaccines are currently being developed, a WN vaccine for humans is years away. There is also no specific therapeutic agent for flaviviral infections. The incidence(More)
Twenty-one hybridomas producing monoclonal antibodies specific for the E glycoprotein of St. Louis encephalitis (SLE) virus, strain MSI-7, have been isolated. Serologic reactivities were initially determined by cross-reactivity indirect immunofluorescence assays using 22 strains of SLE virus and 8 other related flaviviruses. Four groups demonstrating type-,(More)
We have identified and characterized eight antigenic epitopes on the 53,000 dalton envelope (E) glycoprotein of Saint Louis encephalitis (SLE) virus by using monoclonal antibodies. One of these epitopes (E-1c) encoded for the type-specific biologic functions of hemagglutination (HA) and neutralization (N). Injection of 50 ng of anti-E-1c antibody protected(More)
We have previously identified at least eight epitopes on the E2 glycoprotein of Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis (VEE) virus vaccine strain TC-83 by using monoclonal antibodies (MAbs). Several of these antibodies identified a critical neutralization (N) domain in competitive binding assays. Passive transfer of these MAbs protected animals from a lethal(More)