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Employers' increased sensitivity to health care costs has forced insurers to seek ways to lower costs through effective bargaining with providers. What factors determine the prices negotiated between hospitals and insurers? The hospital-insurer interaction is captured in the context of a bargaining model, in which the gains from bargaining are explicitly(More)
OBJECTIVES To undertake a detailed, large scale epidemiological study of match injuries sustained by professional rugby union players in order to define their incidence, nature, severity, and causes. METHODS A two season prospective design was used to study match injuries associated with 546 rugby union players at 12 English Premiership clubs. Team(More)
OBJECTIVES To undertake a detailed epidemiological study of training injuries sustained by professional rugby union players in order to define their incidence, nature, severity, and causes. METHODS A two season prospective design was used to study training injuries associated with 502 rugby union players at 11 English Premiership clubs. Team clinicians(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the match injury profile of professional rugby union players by individual playing position. DESIGN 4-season prospective cohort design. SETTING 14 English Premiership clubs. PARTICIPANTS 899 professional players. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE Incidence of match injury (recorded as the number of injuries/1000 player-hours of match(More)
STUDY DESIGN Prospective, descriptive single-cohort study. OBJECTIVE To assess the incidence and severity of injuries to a professional ballet company over 1 year. METHODS Data for an elite-level ballet company of 52 professional dancers were collected by an in-house medical team using a time-loss injury definition. RESULTS A total of 355 injuries(More)
Objectives. Estimate and compare the proportion of cancer patients with cachexia using different definitions from available clinical data. Methods. Electronic medical records were examined to estimate the proportion of cancer patients with cachexia using 4 definitions: (1) ICD-9 diagnostic code of 799.4 (cachexia), (2) ICD-9 diagnosis of cachexia, anorexia,(More)
BACKGROUND Pharmacists may improve medication-related outcomes during transitions of care. The aim of the Iowa Continuity of Care Study was to determine if a pharmacist case manager (PCM) providing a faxed discharge medication care plan from a tertiary care institution to primary care could improve medication appropriateness and reduce adverse events,(More)
OBJECTIVES To undertake a detailed epidemiological study of head injuries sustained by professional rugby union players in order to define their incidence, nature, severity, and causes. DESIGN A 3-season prospective cohort design. SETTING 13 English Premiership rugby union clubs. PARTICIPANTS 757 male rugby union players. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of hamstring muscle injuries in professional rugby union is high, but evidence-based information on risk factors and injury-prevention strategies in this sport is limited. PURPOSE To define the incidence, severity, and risk factors associated with hamstring muscle injuries in professional rugby union and to determine whether the(More)
Wide variations in the definitions and methodologies used for studies of injuries in rugby union have created inconsistencies in reported data and made interstudy comparisons of results difficult. The International Rugby Board established a Rugby Injury Consensus Group (RICG) to agree on appropriate definitions and methodologies to standardize the recording(More)