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Much progress has been made in speech enhancement algorithm formulation in recent years. However, while researchers in the speech coding and recognition communities have standard criteria for algorithm performance comparison , similar standards do not exist for researchers in speech enhancement. This paper discusses the necessary ingredients for an eeective(More)
It is well known that the introduction of acoustic background distortion and the variability resulting from environmentally induced stress causes speech recognition algorithms to fail. In this paper, we discuss SUSAS: a speech database collected for analysis and algorithm formulation of speech recognition in noise and stress. The SUSAS database refers to(More)
Acoustic feature extraction from speech constitutes a fundamental component of automatic speech recognition (ASR) systems. In this paper, we propose a novel feature extraction algorithm, perceptual-MVDR (PMVDR), which computes cepstral coefficients from the speech signal. This new feature representation is shown to better model the speech spectrum compared(More)
This study proposes a new set of feature parameters based on wavelet packet transform analysis of the speech signal. The new speech features are named subband based cepstral parameters (SBC) and wavelet packet parameters (WPP). The ability of each parameter set to capture speaker identity conveyed in the speech signal is compared to the widely used(More)
—Studies have shown that variability introduced by stress or emotion can severely reduce speech recognition accuracy. Techniques for detecting or assessing the presence of stress could help improve the robustness of speech recognition systems. Although some acoustic variables derived from linear speech production theory have been investigated as indicators(More)
—It is well known that the performance of speech recognition algorithms degrade in the presence of adverse environments where a speaker is under stress, emotion, or Lombard effect. This study evaluates the effectiveness of traditional features in recognition of speech under stress and formulates new features which are shown to improve stressed speech(More)
In this paper, an improved form of iterative speech enhancement for single channel inputs is formulated. The basis of the procedure is sequential maximum a posteriori estimation of the speech waveform and its all-pole parameters as originally formulated by Lim and Oppenheim, followed by imposition of constraints upon the sequence of speech spectra. The new(More)
It is well known that the introduction of acoustic background distortion and the variability resulting from environmentally induced stress causes speech recognition algorithms to fail. In this paper, several causes for recognition performance degradation are explored. It is suggested that recent studies based on a Source Generator Framework can provide a(More)