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The global regulator sar in Staphylococcus aureus controls the synthesis of a variety of cell wall and extracellular proteins, many of which are putative virulence factors. The sar locus in strain RN6390 contains a 339-bp open reading frame (sarA) and an 860-bp upstream region. Transcriptional analyses of this locus revealed three different transcripts of(More)
Previous evidence suggests that hemolysin BL, which consists of a binding component, B, and two lytic components, L1 and L2, is the enterotoxin responsible for the diarrheal form of gastroenteritis caused by food-borne strains of Bacillus cereus. To prove that hemolysin BL and the enterotoxin are the same requires large amounts of these components free of(More)
The acquisition of iron by pathogenic bacteria is often a crucial step in establishing infection. To accomplish this, many bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus, produce low-molecular-weight iron-chelating siderophores. However, the secretion and transport of these molecules in gram-positive organisms are poorly understood. The sequence, organization,(More)
As firms begin to implement web-based presentation and data mining tools to enhance decision support capability, the firm's knowledge workers must determine how to most effectively use these new web-based tools to deliver competitive advantage. The focus of this study is on evaluating how knowledge workers integrate these tools into their information and(More)
Microbial targets for protective humoral immunity are typically surface-localized proteins and contain common sequence motifs related to their secretion or surface binding. Exploiting the whole genome sequence of the human bacterial pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae, we identified 130 open reading frames encoding proteins with secretion motifs or similarity(More)
The temporal expression of most virulence factors in Staphylococcus aureus is regulated by pleiotropic loci such as agr and sar. We have previously shown that the sar locus affects hemolysin production because it is required for agr transcription. To delineate the sar genetic determinant required for agr transcription, single copies of fragments from the(More)
The expression of cell wall and extracellular proteins in Staphylococcus aureus is controlled by global regulatory systems, including sar and agr. We have previously shown that a transposon insertion into the 372-bp sarA gene within the sar locus resulted in decreased expression of several extracellular and cell wall proteins (A. L. Cheung and S. J. Projan,(More)
The synthesis of protein A in Staphylococcus aureus is regulated by global regulatory loci such as sar and agr. Phenotypic data indicate that both sar and agr suppress protein A synthesis; like agr, sar also regulates protein A production at the transcriptional level. To determine the genetic requirement of sar in protein A suppression, we transformed(More)
Four pneumococcal genes (phtA, phtB, phtD, and phtE) encoding a novel family of homologous proteins (32 to 87% identity) were identified from the Streptococcus pneumoniae genomic sequence. These open reading frames were selected as potential vaccine candidates based upon their possession of hydrophobic leader sequences which presumably target these proteins(More)