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Glaucoma is a major cause of blindness and is characterized by progressive degeneration of the optic nerve and is usually associated with elevated intraocular pressure. Analyses of sequence tagged site (STS) content and haplotype sharing between families affected with chromosome 1q-linked open angle glaucoma (GLC1A) were used to prioritize candidate genes(More)
A glaucoma locus, GLC1A, was identified previously on chromosome 1q. A gene within this locus (encoding the protein myocilin) subsequently was shown to harbor mutations in 2-4% of primary open angle glaucoma patients. A total of 1703 patients was screened from five different populations representing three racial groups. There were 1284 patients from(More)
BACKGROUND A substantial proportion of cases of glaucoma have a genetic basis. Mutations causing glaucoma have been identified in the chromosome 1 open-angle glaucoma gene (GLC1A), which encodes a 57-kd protein known as myocilin. The normal role of this protein and the mechanism by which mutations cause glaucoma are not known. METHODS We screened 716(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the phenotype and age-related penetrance of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) in Australian families with the most common Myocilin mutation (Gln368STOP). DESIGN Cross-sectional genetic study. PARTICIPANTS Eight pedigrees carrying the Gln368STOP mutation were ascertained from 1730 consecutive cases of POAG in the Glaucoma(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate a novel automated segmentation algorithm for cup-to-disc segmentation from stereo color photographs of patients with glaucoma for the measurement of glaucoma progression. METHODS Stereo color photographs of the optic disc were obtained by using a fixed stereo-base fundus camera in 58 eyes of 58 patients with suspected or open-angle(More)
We report identification of a novel genetic locus (GLC1P) for normal tension glaucoma (NTG) on chromosome 12q14 using linkage studies of an African-American pedigree (maximum non-parametric linkage score = 19.7, max LOD score = 2.7). Subsequent comparative genomic hybridization and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) experiments identified a 780(More)
Genetic factors have long been implicated in the pathophysiology of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Recently, myocilin, a gene of unknown function, was associated with both juvenile open-angle glaucoma (JOAG) and POAG. Forty-three different myocilin mutations have been reported in open-angle glaucoma patients, and several large studies have suggested(More)
Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is a leading cause of blindness worldwide. To identify new susceptibility loci, we performed meta-analysis on genome-wide association study (GWAS) results from eight independent studies from the United States (3,853 cases and 33,480 controls) and investigated the most significantly associated SNPs in two Australian studies(More)
PURPOSE Human eyes with exfoliation syndrome (XFS) exhibit a distinctive pattern of iris transillumination defects that are recapitulated in Lyst mutant mice carrying the beige allele. The purpose of this study was to determine the anatomic basis for Lyst-mediated transillumination defects, test whether Lyst mutant mice develop other features of XFS, and(More)
Various cellular and molecular mechanisms that may lead to apoptotic cell death of retinal ganglion cells in glaucoma are discussed. These cellular mechanisms include neurotrophic factor deprivation, ischemia, glial cell activation, glutamate excitotoxicity, and abnormal immune response. Based on experimental and clinical evidence, the rationale for various(More)