John H Casada

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The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis is a basal forebrain nucleus that receives inputs from limbic system nuclei and sends projections to several hypothalamic and brainstem nuclei, proposed to be involved in the physiological response to stressors. The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis also receives norepinephrine- (NE), acetylcholine- (ACh) and(More)
Restraint stress, electrical stimulation of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST), and the combination of restraint stress and BNST stimulation were studied using a computerized animal activity monitoring system. Both restraint and the combination of restraint and BNST stimulation produced increases in locomotor, exploratory and stereotypic(More)
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by anxiety symptoms and impulsivity and aggression, which are thought to represent examples of excessive behavioral inhibition and activation, respectively. PTSD and traumatized control subjects performed the Stop-Signal Task to assess behavioral activation and inhibition simultaneously. PTSD subjects(More)
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common and increasingly diagnosed mental illness. Recent pharmacotherapeutic research on treatments for this condition has focused on antidepressant drugs with serotonergic actions. However, the presence of intrusive, psychotic-like symptoms in a substantial portion of PTSD patients raises the possibility that(More)
BACKGROUND Clinically, subjects with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are viewed as hyperresponsive to a variety of stimuli. Psychophysiologic studies, however, have demonstrated hyperresponsiveness only to stimuli that are closely related to the original trauma. METHODS This set of experiments uses a variety of stimuli that vary in(More)
The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) is an important nucleus involved in mediating amygdala-regulated endocrine effects. Since the amygdala is important in mediating the endocrine response to noxious somatosensory stimuli and olfactory stimulation, this experiment studies whether noxious input (tail pinch, TP) and stress-related input (amygdala(More)
Indiplon [N-methyl-N-[3-[3-(2-thienylcarbonyl)-pyrazolo[1,5-alpha]pyrimidin-7-yl]phenyl]acetamide; NBI 34060] is a positive allosteric GABA(A) receptor modulator that is under development for the treatment of insomnia. This study compared the abuse potential of indiplon, a compound with preferential affinity for GABA(A) receptors containing an alpha(1)(More)
We have previously reported that subjects with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) differ from trauma controls in their ability to produce and withhold responses in the Stop-Signal Task depending on the motivational context as determined by financial reward. This experiment measured skin conductance and heart rate to assess autonomic changes accompanying(More)
The present experiment investigated whether repeated exposure to an acute stressor elicits changes in sensory evoked responses recorded from awake rats. Animals were restrained for four hours per day on each of four consecutive days. Recordings were obtained on the day prior to the first restraint and following the first and fourth day of restraint.(More)
This study was designed to determine the type of receptor mediating the effect of ACh on BNST neurons. 45% of BNST neurons showed a dose-dependent monophasic increase in firing rate in response to ACh. Muscarinic antagonist blocked the effects of ACh. Amygdala stimulation (Amyg S) elicited excitatory responses, but atropine and hexamethonium had no effect(More)