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To identify rat brainstem nuclei involved in the initial, short-term response to a change in gravito-inertial force, adult Long-Evans rats were rotated in the horizontal plane for 90 min in complete darkness after they were eccentrically positioned off the axis of rotation (off-axis) causing a centripetal acceleration of 2 g. Neural activation was defined(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) was recently identified as a form of autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia associated with small expansions of the trinucleotide repeat (CAG)n in the gene CACNL1A4 on chromosome 19p13, which encodes the alpha1 subunit of a P/Q-type voltage-gated calcium channel. We describe clinical, genetic, neuroimaging,(More)
Detection of Fos protein expression with a polyclonal antibody was used to identify brainstem neurons responding to acute (24 h) effects of a unilateral sodium arsanilate chemical labyrinthectomy in Long-Evans rats. Asymmetrical expression was apparent in the medial and inferior vestibular nuclei, the prepositus hypoglossi, the dorsolateral central gray,(More)
1. The activity of cat semicircular canal and otolith afferents was studied during yaw and roll rotations, respectively, to examine their dynamic behavior. 2. A sinusoidal analysis of the canal afferent activities showed that their dynamic characteristics are similar to those of second order vestibular neurons, except for a two to three-fold lower absolute(More)
Episodic ataxia type 2 (EA2) is a dominantly inherited disorder, characterized by spells of ataxia, dysarthria, vertigo, and migraines, associated with mutations in the neuronal calcium-channel gene CACNA1A. Ataxic spells lasting minutes to hours are provoked by stress, exercise, or alcohol. Some patients exhibit nystagmus between spells and some develop(More)
Vestibular impairments have not been routinely identified in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), because of the confounding effects of deficits in other neural systems. In this study, 35 patients with MS were evaluated by means of a systematic alteration of the sensory environment (dynamic posturography) in order to identify those patients who became(More)
Unanesthetized Long-Evans (pigmented) rats were subjected to 2.0 G centripetal acceleration for 90 min. Immunohistochemical analysis, using a polyclonal antibody for Fos, revealed a distinct pattern of neuronal activation in the off-axis animals in the dorsomedial cell column (DMCC) of the inferior olivary nucleus. These results are consistent with previous(More)
1. The electrical activity of single trochlear motoneurons (TMns) and axons of second order vestibular neurons presumably terminating on these motoneurons were studied during natural stimulation of semicircular canals and otolith organs in cats anesthetized with Ketamine. 2. Null point analysis showed that TMns received an excitatory canal input from the(More)
BACKGROUND Early detection of impaired neurological function in neurodegenerative diseases may aid in understanding disease pathogenesis and timing of therapeutic trials. OBJECTIVE To identify early abnormalities of ocular motor function in individuals who have the spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) gene (CACNA1A) but no clinical symptoms. DESIGN(More)