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Chronic wound infections are typically polymicrobial; however, most in vivo studies have focused on monospecies infections. This project was designed to develop an in vivo, polymicrobial, biofilm-related, infected wound model in order to study multispecies biofilm dynamics and in relation to wound chronicity. Multispecies biofilms consisting of both Gram(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa produces multiple virulence factors and causes different types of infections. Previous clinical studies identified P. aeruginosa isolates that lack individual virulence factors. However, the impact of losing several virulence factors simultaneously on the in vivo virulence of P. aeruginosa is not completely understood. The P.(More)
Gallium (Ga) is a semimetallic element that has demonstrated therapeutic and diagnostic-imaging potential in a number of disease settings, including cancer and infectious diseases. Gallium's biological actions stem from its ionic radius being almost the same as that of ferric iron (Fe(3+)), whereby it can replace iron (Fe) in Fe(3+)-dependent biological(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen that causes a wide variety of infections. The cell-density-dependent signaling mechanisms known as quorum sensing play a role in several of these infections including corneal, lung and burn wound infections. In addition, the quorum-sensing systems contribute to the ability of P. aeruginosa to form biofilms(More)
This study was conducted to determine the effect of the local environment within the host on the ability of P. aeruginosa to produce different extracellular virulence factors (elastase, phospholipase C, toxin A, and exoenzyme S). A total of 105 P. aeruginosa isolates was obtained from patients with tracheal, urinary tract, and wound infections. Quantitative(More)
INTRODUCTION Biofilm formation on medical devices such as intravenous catheters is a serious manifestation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections. Serum has bactericidal activity, a function of multiple serum components. In this study, we determined the effect of serum and serum components on the formation of P. aeruginosa biofilm. MATERIALS AND METHODS We(More)
It is widely assumed that infections are the principal cause and primary outcome determinant of the syndrome of Multiple Organ Failure (MOF) in critically ill patients. Infections are frequent in these patients, but the prevention and treatment of infections may not influence the course of MOF. This study tested the hypothesis that infections play a(More)
Elastase production in Pseudomonas aeruginosa is regulated by the lasR, lasI, rhlR, and rhlI genes. Recently, we have analyzed several clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa for the production of elastase and other extracellular virulence factors. Four of these isolates (CIT1, CIW5, CIW7, and CIW8) produced no elastolytic activity. We have characterized these(More)
One hundred nineteen patients suffered penetrating cardiac trauma over a 15-year period: 59 had gunshot wounds, 49 had stab wounds, and 11 had shotgun wounds. The overall survival rate was 58%. The most commonly injured structures were the ventricles. Twenty-seven patients had injuries to more than one cardiac chamber. Thirty patients had associated(More)
The Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum-sensing systems, las and rhl, control the production of numerous virulence factors. In this study, we have used the burned-mouse model to examine the contribution of quorum-sensing systems to the pathogenesis of P. aeruginosa infections in burn wounds. Different quorum-sensing mutants of P. aeruginosa PAO1 that were(More)