John Griswold

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Chronic wound infections are typically polymicrobial; however, most in vivo studies have focused on monospecies infections. This project was designed to develop an in vivo, polymicrobial, biofilm-related, infected wound model in order to study multispecies biofilm dynamics and in relation to wound chronicity. Multispecies biofilms consisting of both Gram(More)
The objective of this study was to examine the safety and efficacy of bilayered cellular matrix, (OrCel) Ortec International, Inc., New York, NY in facilitating timely wound closure of split-thickness donor sites in severely burned patients. We utilized a matched pairs design; each patient had two designated donor sites of equivalent surface area and depth.(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa produces multiple virulence factors and causes different types of infections. Previous clinical studies identified P. aeruginosa isolates that lack individual virulence factors. However, the impact of losing several virulence factors simultaneously on the in vivo virulence of P. aeruginosa is not completely understood. The P.(More)
Pelvic hemorrhage has been implicated as the cause of death in 50% of patients who die following pelvic fractures. To establish correlates of morbidity and mortality from pelvic fractures due to blunt trauma, we reviewed 236 patients treated during 4 years. The average age of the 144 men and 92 women was 31.5 years, the average Injury Severity Score was(More)
The Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum-sensing systems, las and rhl, control the production of numerous virulence factors. In this study, we have used the burned-mouse model to examine the contribution of quorum-sensing systems to the pathogenesis of P. aeruginosa infections in burn wounds. Different quorum-sensing mutants of P. aeruginosa PAO1 that were(More)
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to determine what role interpersonal violence as intentional injury plays in the pregnant trauma victim. STUDY DESIGN We performed a retrospective review of medical records. RESULTS During a 9-year period in a single university medical and trauma center, 203 pregnant women were treated for a physically traumatic event.(More)
PURPOSE Topical treatment of burn wounds is essential as reduced blood supply in the burned tissues restricts the effect of systemic antibiotics. On the burn surface, microorganisms exist within a complex structure termed a biofilm, which enhances bacterial resistance to antimicrobial agents significantly. Since bacteria differ in their ability to develop(More)
BACKGROUND Many victims of trauma have a history of repetitive accidental or violent injuries, which implies that trauma is not necessarily a random event. Recurrent trauma is thought to be a problem of urban areas, associated with criminal activities, but there are few data from rural areas that include the victims of nonintentional injuries. METHODS The(More)
Elastase production in Pseudomonas aeruginosa is regulated by the lasR, lasI, rhlR, and rhlI genes. Recently, we have analyzed several clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa for the production of elastase and other extracellular virulence factors. Four of these isolates (CIT1, CIW5, CIW7, and CIW8) produced no elastolytic activity. We have characterized these(More)
Computed tomographic (CT) scanning has proved to be valuable in evaluating the head and abdomen of victims of blunt trauma; CT scans of the thorax often are obtained on patients with blunt torso trauma, but their value for this purpose is unclear. We conducted a prospective study to evaluate the role of chest CT scanning in thoracic trauma. Hemodynamically(More)