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The mitochondrial 2-Cys peroxiredoxin PrxIII serves as a thioredoxin-dependent peroxidase operating in tandem with its cognate partners, an organelle-specific thioredoxin (Trx2) and NADP-linked thioredoxin reductase (TRR2). This PrxIII pathway is emerging as a primary regulator of intracellular H(2)O(2) levels with dual roles in antioxidant defence and(More)
A crystal structure is reported for the C168S mutant of a typical 2-Cys peroxiredoxin III (Prx III) from bovine mitochondria at a resolution of 3.3 A. Prx III is present as a two-ring catenane comprising two interlocking dodecameric toroids that are assembled from basic dimeric units. Each ring has an external diameter of 150 A and encompasses a central(More)
Bovine mitochondrial SP-22 is a member of the peroxiredoxin family of peroxidases. It belongs to the peroxiredoxin 2-Cys subgroup containing three cysteines at positions 47, 66, and 168. The cloning and overexpression in Escherichia coli of recombinant wild type SP-22 and its three cysteine mutants (C47S, C66S, and C168S) are reported. Purified His-tagged(More)
The interactions of the individually expressed haem- and flavin-containing domains of cytochrome P-450 BM3 have been analysed by enzymological and spectroscopic techniques. Electron transfer between the isolated domains occurs at a much lower rate than that occurring in the intact flavocytochrome. CD spectroscopic studies indicate that the linkage of the(More)
To determine whether the reduction in brain alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex activity in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated with an abnormality in one of its three constituent enzyme subunits, we measured protein levels of alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (El), dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase (E2), and dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (E3),(More)
Abnormalities in energy metabolism and oxidative stress accompany many neurodegenerative diseases, including progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Previously, we showed decreased activities of a mitochondrial enzyme complex, alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (KGDHC), and marked increases in tissue malondialdehyde levels in post-mortem superior(More)
An immunological analysis has been conducted of early events in the biosynthesis, import and assembly of the mammalian pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC). For this purpose, monospecific polyclonal antisera were produced against the intact assembly from ox heart, Mr 8.5 x 10(6), and each of its component polypeptides, E1 alpha, E1 beta, E2, E3 and protein(More)
The cytochromes P-450 (P-450s) constitute an extremely large family ('superfamily') of haemoproteins that catalyse the oxidation of a wide range of physiological and non-physiological compounds. A remarkable feature of the P-450s is the manipulation of the same basic structure and chemistry to achieve an enormous range of functions in organisms as diverse(More)
Dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (E3) from Escherichia coli, an FAD-linked homodimer, can be fully reconstituted in vitro following denaturation in 6 m guanidinium chloride. Complete restoration of activity occurs within 1-2 h in the presence of FAD, dithiothreitol, and bovine serum albumin. In the absence of FAD, the dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase monomer(More)
The regional and cellular distributions of glucose transporter protein (GT) and pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) have been studied with an enhanced immunogold method. The results showed significant amounts of GT in neuropil within regions known to exhibit high demands for glucose whilst neuronal perikarya showed little immunostaining. In contrast PDH(More)