John Gordon Lindsay

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The cytochromes P-450 (P-450s) constitute an extremely large family ('superfamily') of haemoproteins that catalyse the oxidation of a wide range of physiological and non-physiological compounds. A remarkable feature of the P-450s is the manipulation of the same basic structure and chemistry to achieve an enormous range of functions in organisms as diverse(More)
A crystal structure is reported for the C168S mutant of a typical 2-Cys peroxiredoxin III (Prx III) from bovine mitochondria at a resolution of 3.3 A. Prx III is present as a two-ring catenane comprising two interlocking dodecameric toroids that are assembled from basic dimeric units. Each ring has an external diameter of 150 A and encompasses a central(More)
To determine whether the reduction in brain alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex activity in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated with an abnormality in one of its three constituent enzyme subunits, we measured protein levels of alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (El), dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase (E2), and dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (E3),(More)
Abnormalities in energy metabolism and oxidative stress accompany many neurodegenerative diseases, including progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Previously, we showed decreased activities of a mitochondrial enzyme complex, alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (KGDHC), and marked increases in tissue malondialdehyde levels in post-mortem superior(More)
Two distinct dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenases (E3s, EC 1.8.1.4) have been detected in pea (Pisum sativum L. cv. Little Marvel) leaf extracts and purified to at or near homogeneity. The major enzyme, a homodimer with an apparent subunit Mr value 56 000 (80–90% of overall activity), corresponded to the mitochondrial isoform studied previously, as confirmed by(More)
Six components of the mammalian 2-oxo acid dehydrogenase complexes have previously been identified as M2 autoantigens in primary biliary cirrhosis. In this report, we present data showing that both polypeptide-specific and cross-reacting antibodies are present in patients' sera. Antibodies reacting with E2 of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex cross-react(More)
The production of high-titre monospecific polyclonal antibodies against the purified pyruvate dehydrogenase and 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase multienzyme complexes from ox heart is described. The specificity of these antisera and their precise reactivities with the individual components of the complexes were examined by immunoblotting techniques. All the(More)
Microglial activation, oxidative stress, and dysfunctions in mitochondria, including the reduction of cytochrome oxidase activity, have been implicated in neurodegeneration. The current experiments tested the effects of reducing cytochrome oxidase activity on the ability of microglia to respond to inflammatory insults. Inhibition of cytochrome oxidase by(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with mitochondrial dysfunction, specifically a deficiency of complex I of the electron transport chain. Most, although not all, studies indicate that this deficiency is limited to brain regions with neurodegeneration. The current studies tested for deficiencies in other mitochondrial components in PD brain in a(More)
Bovine mitochondrial SP-22 is a member of the peroxiredoxin family of peroxidases. It belongs to the peroxiredoxin 2-Cys subgroup containing three cysteines at positions 47, 66, and 168. The cloning and overexpression in Escherichia coli of recombinant wild type SP-22 and its three cysteine mutants (C47S, C66S, and C168S) are reported. Purified His-tagged(More)