John Gordon Bell

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The aim of this study was to measure the changes in lipid metabolism which occur during smoltification and seawater transfer in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Duplicate groups of Atlantic salmon parr were fed diets containing either fish oil (FO) or a blend of linseed and rapeseed oils, vegetable oil (VO), from October (week 0) to seawater transfer in May(More)
Duplicate groups of Atlantic salmon post-smolts were fed five practical-type diets in which the added lipid was 100% fish oil [FO; 0% rapeseed oil (0% RO)], 90% FO + 10% RO (10% RO), 75% FO + 25% RO (25% RO), 50% FO + 50% RO (50% RO) or 100% RO, for a period of 17 wk. There were no effects of diet on growth rate or feed conversion nor were any(More)
Supplies of marine fish oils (FO) are limited and continued growth in aquaculture production dictates that substitutes must be found that do not compromise fish health and product quality. In this study the suitability of crude palm oil (PO) as a replacement for FO in diets of Atlantic salmon was investigated. Duplicate groups of Atlantic salmon post-smolts(More)
Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) juveniles were fed either 100% fish oil (FO), 75% vegetable oil (VO), or 100% VO throughout their life cycle to harvest weight followed by a finishing diet period when all groups were fed 100% FO. The two experimental VO diets were tested at two different locations (Scotland and Norway) against the same control diet (100%(More)
We hypothesized that replacing fish oil with 18:3n-3-rich linseed oil may enable salmon to maintain the levels of tissue n-3HUFA levels through a combination of increased desaturation activity and increased substrate fatty acid provision. To this end we investigated desaturation/elongation of [1-14C18:3n-3 in hepatocytes and intestinal enterocytes, and(More)
The increasing worldwide aquaculture output and concomitant decrease in the stocks of feedgrade fish used for fish oil production has made fish oil replacement in feeds a priority for the aquaculture industry. The regulation of fatty acid metabolism in fish is important in order to determine strategies for the best use of plant oils in diets for(More)
Duplicate groups of rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) (mean weight 11 g) were given for 40 weeks one of four partially purified diets that were either adequate or low in selenium or vitamin E or both. Weight gains of trout given the dually deficient diet were significantly lower than those of trout given a complete diet or a diet deficient in Se. No(More)
Atlantic salmon postsmolts were fed a control diet or one of 9 experimental diets containing various blends of two vegetable oils, linseed (LO) and rapeseed oil (RO), and fish oil (FO) in a triangular trial design, for 50 wk. After sampling, fish previously fed 100% FO, LO and RO were switched to a diet containing 100% FO for a further 20 wk. Fatty acid(More)
The desaturation and elongation of [1-(14)C]18:3n-3 was investigated in hepatocytes from different populations and three different species of salmonids indigenous to Scotland, brown trout, Atlantic salmon and Arctic charr. Two groups of fish were sampled, before and after they were fed two experimental diets, a control diet containing fish oil and a diet(More)
The production of prostaglandins E and F of the 1-, 2- and 3-series was determined in primary cultures of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) brain astroglial cells after supplementation with 25 microM dihomo-gamma-linolenic (20:3(n-6)), arachidonic (20:4(n-6)) and eicosapentaenoic (20:5(n-3)) acids. Supplementation by 20:3(n-6), 20:4(n-6) and 20:5(n-3) for 4(More)