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One hundred and eighty-six patients with intracranial meningiomas were treated at the Royal Marsden Hospital between 1963 and 1983 with megavoltage photon irradiation (60Co gamma rays and 6-8 Mv. X rays). Survival parameters were measured from the time of referral for radiotherapy. The 10-year actuarial cause-specific survival was 67% for all cases and the(More)
BACKGROUND Between 1990 and 2000, we examined the effect of timing of non-platinum chemotherapy when combined with radiotherapy. We aimed to determine whether giving chemotherapy concurrently with radiotherapy or as maintenance therapy, or both, affected clinical outcome. Here we report survival and recurrence after 10 years of follow-up. METHODS Between(More)
We conducted a phase I/II study investigating synchronous chemoradiotherapy with mitomycin C and infusional 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in muscle invasive bladder cancer. Early dose escalation results were previously published. We report the long-term toxicity and efficacy results with the optimised regimen. Patients with muscle invasive bladder cancer with(More)
A review of the literature has shown that in human breast tumours, large signals from phosphomonoesters (PME) and phosphodiesters (PDE) are evident. In serial measurements in 19 patients with breast cancer, a decrease in PME was significantly associated with a stable or responding disease (p = 0.017), and an increase in PME was associated with disease(More)
Patients with recurrent or refractory head and neck squamous cell carcinoma received cisplatin/epinephrine injectable gel or placebo gel injected directly into the clinically dominant tumour. The double-blind phase III trial comprised of up to 6 weekly treatments over 8 weeks, 4 weekly evaluation visits, and then monthly follow-up; open-label dosing began(More)
The aim of this paper was to evaluate our experience using conservation surgery in the management of T1 and T2 oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Eighteen patients underwent conservation surgery between 1993 and 2000 and were analysed retrospectively. The mean age was 54 years and the male to female ratio was 8:1. There were 14 tonsil and 4 tongue base(More)
The presence of hypoxia and low pH in tumours is known to influence several treatment modalities including radiotherapy, chemotherapy and hyperthermia. Hypoxic and acidic regions have been demonstrated in tumours using pH and pO2 microelectrodes. The technique has shown marked heterogeneity within individual tumours. A non-invasive measure of intracellular(More)
BACKGROUND 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is the most widely used cytotoxic drug in oncology and the only one useful in the management of colorectal cancer - a leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Recent studies of 5-FU have focused on increasing efficacy and reducing toxicity by varying the delivery schedule and combining it with modulators. With the(More)
The concentration of phosphorus-containing metabolites was determined in extracts of multiple samples from six human breast tumours and in samples from normal and inflamed breast tissue. The degree of lymphoid infiltrate, necrotic fraction and tumour cell and normal tissue fraction were determined on sections taken from each of the tumour samples. In four(More)