John Girdlestone

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Interferon-gamma receptor ligand-binding chain (IFN-gammaR1) or signaling chain (IFN-gammaR2) deficiency, like interleukin 12 receptor beta1 chain (IL-12Rbeta1) deficiency, predispose to severe infections due to poorly virulent mycobacteria and salmonella. A child with bacille Calmette-Guérin and Salmonella enteritidis infection was investigated. Mutations(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells (MSCs) are multipotent progenitors that differentiate into such lineages as bone, fat, cartilage and stromal cells that support haemopoiesis. Bone marrow MSCs can also contribute to cardiac repair, although the mechanism for this is unclear. Here, we examine the potential of MSCs from different(More)
The immunogenetic basis of severe infections caused by bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccine and environmental mycobacteria in humans remains largely unknown. We describe 18 patients from several generations of 12 unrelated families who were heterozygous for 1 to 5 overlapping IFNGR1 frameshift small deletions and a wild-type IFNGR1 allele. There were 12(More)
The immunosuppressive properties of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) make them particularly attractive to manipulate graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). So far, the experience of using MSC to treat GVHD is limited to a few cases, controversial results come from preclinical models and several issues remain to be clarified. The present studies were designed to(More)
The resolution of immune responses is characterized by extensive apoptosis of activated T cells. However, to generate and maintain immunological memory, some antigen-specific T cells must survive and revert to a resting G0/G1 state. Cytokines that bind to the common gamma chain of the IL-2 receptor promote the survival of T cell blasts, but also induce(More)
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) may be derived from a variety of tissues, with human umbilical cord (UC) providing an abundant and noninvasive source. Human UC-MSCs share similar in vitro immunosuppressive properties as MSCs obtained from bone marrow and cord blood. However, the mechanisms and cellular interactions used by MSCs to control immune responses(More)
HLA-A and -B transplantation antigens can be expressed differentially at the basal level and in response to interferons (IFNs). To determine which DNA control elements and nuclear factors are responsible for these differences, HLA-A and -B upstream regulatory regions were used in expression and mobility-shift analyses. The HLA-A enhancer was found to(More)
BACKGROUND Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are of interest for their potential to repair bone and cartilage, and also their immunosuppressive properties. Umbilical cord blood (UCB) is reported to contain MSC, and therefore may be a useful source of these cells for clinical applications. METHODS We evaluated protocols for isolating MSC from UCB(More)
Exploitation of the ability of stem cells to protect damaged neuronal tissue may be a more viable strategy than cell replacement for repair of the central nervous system (CNS). In this study we assessed the capacity of human umbilical cord blood (hUCB)-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) to protect and promote regeneration of axotomised neurons within(More)
Gangliosides were employed as early differentiation markers to investigate how phenotypic diversity is generated in the vertebrate neutral crest cell population. Chromatographic analysis of metabolically labeled glycolipids from neural crest derivatives revealed that glia cell precursors synthesize a characteristic subset of the ganglioside types produced(More)