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Exploitation of the ability of stem cells to protect damaged neuronal tissue may be a more viable strategy than cell replacement for repair of the central nervous system (CNS). In this study we assessed the capacity of human umbilical cord blood (hUCB)-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) to protect and promote regeneration of axotomised neurons within(More)
We investigated the neurogenic potential of full-term human umbilical cord blood (hUCB)-derived multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in response to neural induction media or coculture with rat neural cells. Phenotypic and functional changes were assessed by immunocytochemistry, RT-PCR, and whole-cell patch-clamp recordings. Naive MSCs expressed both(More)
Gangliosides were employed as early differentiation markers to investigate how phenotypic diversity is generated in the vertebrate neutral crest cell population. Chromatographic analysis of metabolically labeled glycolipids from neural crest derivatives revealed that glia cell precursors synthesize a characteristic subset of the ganglioside types produced(More)
The interaction between microglia and T cells is important in the development of central nervous system inflammation. This may result in full T cell activation, a partial state of activation, anergy or apoptosis of the 'responding' T cell. Here, we demonstrate that neonatal rodent microglia not only fail to initiate a mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR), but(More)
We investigated the ability of a population of rat neural stem and precursor cells derived from rat embryonic spinal cord to protect injured neurons in the rat central nervous system (CNS). The neonatal rat optic pathway was used as a model of CNS injury, whereby retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) were axotomized by lesion of the lateral geniculate nucleus one(More)
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