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Platelets have been implicated in colon cancer metastasis and prognosis but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. We evaluated the role of the different mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways in platelet-stimulated matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) generation and colon cancer invasion. In addition, proteins released during(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are known to be upregulated in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and other inflammatory conditions, but while their involvement is clear, their role in many settings has yet to be determined. Studies of the involvement of MMPs in IBD since 2006 have revealed an array of immune and stromal cells which release the proteases in(More)
Distant supervision has become the leading method for training large-scale relation extractors, with nearly universal adoption in recent TAC knowledge-base population competitions. However, there are still many questions about the best way to learn such extractors. In this paper we investigate four orthogonal improvements: integrating named entity linking(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) levels are found to increase in inflammation states and in cancer, and their levels may be reciprocally modulated. Understanding interactions between NO and MMP-9 is of biological and pharmacological relevance and may prove crucial in designing new therapeutics. The reciprocal interaction between NO(More)
We participated in both the English Slot Filling and Entity Linking in the 2013 TAC-KBP evaluation. Our Slot Filling system provides an answer to the following conjectures: Can Open Information Extraction (Open IE) form the basis of a high precision extractor for a set of target relations in an ontology? And, just as importantly, can this be done with a(More)
The purpose of this work is to review the published strategies for the production of prodrugs of amines. The review is divided in two main groups of approaches: those that rely on enzymatic activation and those that take advantage of physiological chemical conditions for release of the drugs. A compilation of the most important approaches is presented in(More)
Lamellar pleural thickening (LPT) is a fibrotic disease induced by exposure to Libby amphibole (LA) asbestos that causes widespread scarring around the lung, resulting in deterioration of pulmonary function. Investigating the effects of autoantibodies to mesothelial cells (MCAA) present in the study populations has been a major part of the effort to(More)
Isosorbide-2-carbamate-5-esters are highly potent and selective butyrylcholinesterase inhibitors with potential utility in the treatment of Alzheimer's Disease (AD). They are stable in human plasma but in mouse plasma they undergo hydrolysis at the 5-ester group potentially attenuating in vivo potency. In this paper we explore the role of the 5-position in(More)
The design, synthesis and delivery potential of a new type of benzenesulfonamide cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor prodrug is investigated using celecoxib. The approach involves a double prodrug that is activated first by azoreductases and then by cyclization triggering drug release. We studied the intramolecular aminolysis of the acylsulfonamide. The(More)
Bile acids are components of gastro-duodenal refluxate and regarded as causative agents in oesophageal disease but the precise mechanisms are unknown. Here we demonstrate that a specific subset of physiological bile acids affect the protein secretory pathway by inducing ER stress, activating the Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) and causing disassembly of the(More)