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Patients with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) acquire an immunodeficiency with many characteristics similar to those of persons with inherited defects in the gene encoding the CD40-ligand (CD154). We found that the blood and splenic CD4+ T cells of patients with CLL failed to express surface CD154 after CD3 ligation. However, using an(More)
Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) based chromosome microarrays provide both a high-density whole genome analysis of copy number and genotype. In the past 21 months we have analyzed over 13,000 samples primarily referred for developmental delay using the Affymetrix SNP/CN 6.0 version array platform. In addition to copy number, we have focused on the(More)
The DAX1 protein is an orphan nuclear hormone receptor based on sequence similarity in the putative ligand-binding domain (LBD). DAX1 mutations result in X-linked adrenal hypoplasia congenita (AHC). Our objective was to identify DAX1 mutations in a series of families, to determine the types of mutations resulting in AHC and to locate single-amino-acid(More)
BACKGROUND Larsen syndrome is an autosomal dominant osteochondrodysplasia characterised by large-joint dislocations and craniofacial anomalies. Recently, Larsen syndrome was shown to be caused by missense mutations or small inframe deletions in FLNB, encoding the cytoskeletal protein filamin B. To further delineate the molecular causes of Larsen syndrome,(More)
Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a multisystem genetic disorder with distinct facies, growth failure, intellectual disability, distal limb anomalies, gastrointestinal and neurological disease. Mutations in NIPBL, encoding a cohesin regulatory protein, account for >80% of cases with typical facies. Mutations in the core cohesin complex proteins, encoded(More)
Efforts to develop a subunit vaccine against genital herpes have been hampered by lack of knowledge of the protective antigens of HSV-2, the causative agent of the disease. Vaccines based either on selected antigens or attenuated live virus approaches have not demonstrated meaningful clinical activity. We present here results of a therapeutic vaccine(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the risk of phlebitis associated with chlorhexidine-coated polyurethane catheters in peripheral veins. DESIGN A randomized, double-blinded trial comparing chlorhexidine-coated polyurethane catheters with uncoated polyurethane catheters. SETTING A university hospital. PATIENTS Adult medicine and surgery patients. INTERVENTIONS(More)
BACKGROUND L-serine plays an essential role in neuronal development and function. Although a non-essential amino acid, L-serine must be synthesised within the brain because of its poor permeability by the blood-brain barrier. Within the brain, its synthesis is confined to astrocytes, and its shuttle to neuronal cells is performed by a dedicated neutral(More)
Sequence variants in CRB2 cause a syndrome with greatly elevated maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein and amniotic fluid alpha-fetoprotein levels, cerebral ventriculomegaly and renal findings similar to Finnish congenital nephrosis. All reported patients have been homozygotes or compound heterozygotes for sequence variants in the Crumbs, Drosophila, Homolog of,(More)
A large diarrhea outbreak due to enteroinvasive Escherichia coli (EIEC) serogroup O143 occurring in Houston, Tex., provided the opportunity to investigate aspects of the molecular epidemiology of this and related organisms. This was done by comparing the plasmid patterns and the chromosomal restriction endonuclease digestion patterns by pulsed-field gel(More)