John Gaubatz

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The ability of eukaryotic organisms of the same genotype to vary in developmental pattern or in phenotype according to varying environmental conditions is frequently associated with changes in extrachromosomal circular DNA (eccDNA) sequences. Although variable in size, sequence complexity, and copy number, the best characterized of these eccDNAs contain(More)
We previously reported that hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy), an independent risk factor of coronary artery disease (CAD), is associated with increased atherosclerosis and decreased plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in cystathionine beta-synthase-/apolipoprotein E-deficient (CBS(-/-)/apoE(-/-)) mice. We observed that plasma homocysteine (Hcy)(More)
When lipoprotein [a] was isolated in the presence of the proteolytic inhibitor Trasylol, its apoprotein exhibited one dominant band corresponding to a molecular weight of about 1.2 million when analyzed by electrophoresis on 3.25% sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels. After chemical reduction, this band was missing but was replaced by two bands, one(More)
Although hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, a direct role for homocysteine (Hcy) in this disease remains to be shown. Whereas diet-induced hyperhomocysteinemia promotes atherosclerosis in animal models, the effects of Hcy on atherogenesis in the absence of dietary perturbations is not known. We have generated(More)
The distribution and elimination of 7-methylguanine (m7Gua) from different liver DNA chromatin fractions has been studied after treating young and old mice with N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU). Guanine methylation kinetics was first studied in total liver DNA following intraperitoneal injections of 25 mg/kg and 50 mg/kg MNU does. MNU-induced DNA alkylation, as(More)
The DNA content and ribosomal RNA gene copy number in heart of the inbred mouse strain C57BL/6 were determined at different ages. The DNA content of mouse heart remained constant, at about 150 micrograms DNA per heart, from 1 to 30 mth of age. The number of rRNA genes, as estimated by 28S rRNA . DNA hybridization, was not found to change significantly as a(More)
Small, dense, electronegative low density lipoprotein [LDL(-)] is increased in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia and diabetes, populations at increased risk for coronary artery disease. It is present to a lesser extent in normolipidemic subjects. The mechanistic link between small, dense LDL(-) and atherogenesis is not known. To begin to address(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenesis of hypertriacylglycerolemia, a characteristic feature of HIV lipodystrophy syndrome (HLS), is incompletely understood. One mechanism is accelerated lipolysis in the fasted state, but the severity of the hypertriacylglycerolemia suggests that additional underlying abnormalities may exist in the disposal of dietary fat. OBJECTIVE(More)
Mouse satellite DNA consists of highly repetitive tandem sequences located in the centromeric heterochromatin. It is generally assumed that these simple sequences are not transcribed. We have analyzed total cellular RNA preparations from mouse liver, kidney, brain, and heart tissues at different ages for satellite transcripts. Using recombinant probes(More)
Although plasma high-density lipoproteins (HDL) have been implicated in several cardioprotective pathways, the physiologic role of apolipoprotein (apo) A-II, the second most abundant of the HDL proteins, remains ambiguous. Human apo A-II is distinguished from most other species by a single cysteine (Cys6), which forms a disulfide bond with other(More)